• Class: Primary 2
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 6
  • Age: 8 years
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Subject: Pre-Vocational Studies
  • Curriculum Theme: Agricultural Science
  • Previous Lesson: Damages Caused by Harmful Insects
  • Topic: Farmers’ Friends
  • Content: Usefulness of Earthworms

Performance Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain: Define the term “farmers’ friends.”
  • Affective Domain: Appreciate the role of earthworms in agriculture.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Demonstrate how earthworms help improve soil.
  • Social Domain: Discuss the benefits of earthworms in a group.

Reference Materials:

The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

Instructional Materials:

The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Pictures and charts of earthworms
  • Real samples of earthworms (if possible)
  • Soil samples
  • Video clips showing earthworms in action
  • Flashcards with key terms

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the Usefulness of earthworms helps pupils appreciate their role in farming and maintaining healthy soil. This knowledge promotes sustainable agricultural practices and highlights the interconnectedness of living organisms.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils have learned about the damages caused by harmful insects and understand basic concepts of how living organisms can impact agriculture.


Learning Area: Farmers’ Friends; Usefulness of Earthworms

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minInteractive talkSet InductionShow pictures of earthworms and ask pupils what they know about them.Pupils respond to questions and share their ideas.Pupils get curious about earthworms.
Step 2: Explanation10 minDiscussionQuestioningExplain the term “farmers’ friends” and introduce the usefulness of earthworms.Listen and ask questions for clarity.Understand the concept of “farmers’ friends.”
Step 3: Demonstration10 minDemonstrationVisual AidsShow a video clip of earthworms and explain their role in soil improvement.Watch the video and observe.Visual understanding of earthworms’ actions.
Step 4: Practical Activity5 minHands-onGroup WorkProvide soil samples and let pupils observe and discuss the presence of earthworms.Observe and discuss in groups.Hands-on experience with soil and earthworms.
Note Taking5 minDirect TeachingNote TakingGuide pupils to write notes on the usefulness of earthworms.Copy notes in their books.Reinforce learning through writing.
Evaluation3 minOral QuestionsQ&AAsk questions based on the lesson.Answer the questions.Assess understanding.
Conclusion2 minSummaryRecapSummarize the lesson and highlight key points.Listen and ask final questions.Recap and retention of lesson objectives.

Classroom Note:

Farmers’ Friends; Usefulness Of Earthworms

Farmers’ Friends: This term refers to organisms that help farmers by improving soil health, controlling pests, or pollinating plants. Earthworms are often called farmers’ friends because they provide many benefits to the soil and plants.

Usefulness of Earthworms:

  1. Soil Aeration: Earthworms create tunnels in the soil, which allow air to reach plant roots.
  2. Nutrient Recycling: They break down organic matter, releasing nutrients back into the soil.
  3. Improved Soil Structure: Their movements mix the soil, making it more fertile and easier for plants to grow.
  4. Water Infiltration: The tunnels made by earthworms help water to penetrate the soil more effectively.
  5. Plant Growth: Healthy soil with earthworms supports better plant growth.

Lesson Evaluation:

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Define the term “farmers’ friends.”
  2. List three ways in which earthworms are useful to farmers.
  3. Describe how earthworms improve soil structure.
  4. Explain why earthworms are important for water infiltration in soil.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:

Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils’ comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

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Lesson Notes,

Last Update: May 24, 2024