• Class: Primary 2
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 3
  • Age: 7 years
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Subject: Cultural And Creative Arts
  • Curriculum Theme: Cultural And Creative Arts
  • Previous Lesson: Story Telling
  • Topic: Traditional Festivals
  • Content: Definition of Traditional Festivals, Examples of Traditional Festivals and where they are practiced in Nigeria E.g. Eyo Festival – Lagos, New Yam Festival – Ijebu Land.

Performance Objectives

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive domain: Describe what traditional festivals are and identify at least two examples.
  • Affective domain: Show appreciation for the cultural diversity and significance of traditional festivals in Nigeria.
  • Psychomotor domain: Identify on a map, where some traditional festivals are practiced in Nigeria.
  • Social Domain: Collaborate with peers in group discussions about the importance of traditional festivals.

Reference Materials

The following resources were used in planning this lesson;

Instructional Materials

The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Visual aids depicting various traditional festivals
  • Traditional music recordings from different Nigerian cultures
  • Costumes and props for role-playing

Rationale for the Lesson

Understanding traditional festivals helps pupils appreciate cultural diversity, fostering respect and unity among different ethnic groups in Nigeria. It also enriches their knowledge of history and traditions, enhancing their social studies learning experience.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge

Pupils are expected to have basic understanding of festivals in general, as discussed in the previous lesson on storytelling where cultural tales were shared.


Learning Area: Traditional Festivals

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5minDiscussionSet InductionTeacher explains what a festival is and introduces the topic.Listen and respond to questions.Introduction to traditional festivals
Step 2: Definition and Examples10minLectureExplanationTeacher defines traditional festivals and gives examples.Listen and take notes.Understanding definitions and examples
Step 3: Specific Festivals in Nigeria10minPresentationIllustration/ShowcaseTeacher showcases visuals of Eyo and New Yam festivals.Observe and identify features of each festival.Identification of specific festivals
Step 4: Group Discussion5minCollaborative LearningGroup WorkFacilitates discussion on the importance of festivals.Discuss in groups and share thoughts.Enhancing social skills
Step 5: Role-play5minRole PlayingDemonstrationGuides pupils in a simple role-play of a festival dance.Participate in role-playing.Practical understanding of festival activities
Step 6: Note Taking3minWritingDictationDictates notes for pupils to write.Write notes in their books.Documentation and summarization
Step 7: Evaluation and Conclusion2minQuestion & AnswerAssessmentAsks questions based on the lesson’s objectives.Answer questions to demonstrate understanding.Assessment of learning

Lesson Content

Traditional Festivals

Traditional festivals are public celebrations that reflect the heritage, culture, and traditions of a community. These festivals often involve ceremonies, music, dance, and sometimes games. They are a way for communities to showcase their cultural values and foster a sense of unity and pride.

Examples of Traditional Festivals in Nigeria:

  1. Eyo Festival – Lagos: This festival is unique to Lagos Island and is marked by the parading of the Eyo masquerades dressed in white flowing robes.
  2. New Yam Festival – Ijebu Land: Celebrated by the Ijebu people, this festival marks the end of the harvest and the beginning of the next farming season.
  3. Argungu Fishing Festival (Kebbi State): This exciting festival features a fishing competition among the locals of Argungu.
  4. Durbar Festival (Kano): Held in Kano, this festival is celebrated at the end of Ramadan and also during the Eid-el-Kabir festival.
  5. Ojude Oba Festival (Ijebu-Ode): This is a spectacular festival where the people of Ijebu-Ode, in Ogun State, pay homage to their king, the Awujale of Ijebuland.

Lesson Evaluation

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. What is a traditional festival?
  2. Can you name two traditional festivals celebrated in Nigeria and describe what makes them unique?
  3. Why do you think it is important to celebrate traditional festivals?

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:
Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils’ comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

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Last Update: June 12, 2024