Class: Primary 2

Term: 3rd Term

Week: 7

Age: 8 years

Duration: 40 minutes

Subject: Pre-Vocational Studies

Curriculum Theme: Home Economics

Previous Lesson: Care Of Food

Topic: Reasons For Food Preservation

Content: Reasons for preserving food

Performance Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain: List and explain at least three reasons for food preservation.
  • Affective Domain: Appreciate the importance of preserving food to avoid wastage.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Demonstrate how to properly store food in a refrigerator.
  • Social Domain: Discuss with peers the benefits of food preservation in their families.

Reference Materials:
The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

Instructional Materials:
The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Pictures of preserved food
  • Refrigerator model or picture
  • Samples of preserved foods (e.g., canned food, dried food)
  • Chart showing methods of food preservation

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the reasons for food preservation is important as it helps pupils recognize the need to reduce food wastage, maintain food quality, and ensure food safety. This knowledge is relevant for their daily lives and helps in the proper management of household resources.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Pupils should have a basic understanding of the care of food and how different types of food are stored to keep them fresh.


Learning Area: Reasons for Food Preservation

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minutesDirect InstructionSet InductionGreet pupils and introduce the topic by showing pictures of preserved foods.Respond to greetings, observe picturesGain initial interest in the topic
Step 2: Explain Preservation10 minutesDiscussionQuestioningExplain what food preservation is and ask pupils why they think it is important.Answer questions and participateUnderstand basic concept of preservation
Step 3: Reasons for Preservation10 minutesLectureUse of Visual AidsList and explain reasons for preserving food, using visual aids.Listen and watch visual aidsLearn specific reasons for food preservation
Step 4: Practical Demonstration7 minutesDemonstrationHands-on ActivityShow how to store food in a refrigerator, using a model or picture.Participate in the demonstrationGain practical knowledge of food storage
Step 5: Group Discussion5 minutesGroup WorkCollaborative LearningDivide pupils into groups to discuss benefits of food preservation in their families.Discuss in groupsEnhance social skills and collaborative learning
Note Taking2 minutesGuide pupils to copy classroom notes.Copy notesReinforce learning through writing
Evaluation and Conclusion1 minuteQuestioningOral AssessmentAsk review questions to assess understanding and summarize the lesson.Answer review questionsEvaluate comprehension and reinforce learning

Classroom Note:

Reasons For Food Preservation

Preserving food means keeping food safe and fresh for a longer time. There are several reasons why we preserve food such as;

  1. Prevent Spoilage: Food spoils because of bacteria and other microorganisms. Preservation methods, like refrigeration and drying, stop these microorganisms from growing.
  2. Extend Shelf Life: Preserved foods last longer. This means we can keep food for weeks or months without it going bad.
  3. Maintain Nutritional Value: Preservation helps keep the vitamins and nutrients in food. For example, frozen vegetables keep most of their vitamins.
  4. Ensure Food Availability: By preserving food, we can have access to it even when it is not in season. For instance, we can eat mangoes all year round if they are preserved.
  5. Save Money: Buying food in bulk and preserving it can be cheaper than buying small amounts often. This helps save money and reduce trips to the market.

Lesson Evaluation:

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. List two reasons for preserving food.
  2. Explain how preservation prevents food spoilage.
  3. Describe one way to store food in a refrigerator.
  4. Discuss why food preservation is important for their family.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:

Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

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Lesson Notes,

Last Update: May 24, 2024