• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 1
  • Age: 8 years
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Subject: Pre-Vocational Studies
  • Curriculum Theme: Agricultural Science
  • Previous Lesson: Water
  • Topic: Balance Diet
  • Content: Meaning of Balance Diet

Performance Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive domain: Define a balanced diet.
  • Affective domain: Appreciate the importance of a balanced diet for health.
  • Psychomotor domain: Identify examples of food items for a balanced diet from a chart.
  • Social domain: Discuss with peers the benefits of eating a balanced diet.

Reference Materials:

The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

Instructional Materials:

The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Pictures of balanced meals
  • Food group charts
  • Real or plastic food items
  • A whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding what balance diet entails is crucial not only for academic knowledge but for personal health. Learning about different food groups and their benefits helps pupils make informed choices about what they eat every day.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils are assumed to have basic knowledge about different types of food from previous lessons on “Water” and basic food categories.


Learning Area: Balance Diet

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupil’s ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minsLectureQuestioningExplain the concept of a balanced diet.Listen and respond to questions.Introduction to a balanced diet.
Step 2: Explanation10 minsInteractive lectureDiscussionDescribe the food groups using charts.Identify and categorize food items.Understanding food groups.
Step 3: Demonstration10 minsDemonstrationGroupingShow examples of balanced meals.Observe and match food to their groups.Visualizing balanced meals.
Step 4: Note taking5 minsWritingListingGuide pupils in writing notes.Write down key points about a balanced diet.Recording learning.
Step 5: Group Activity5 minsGroup workRole-playingFacilitate discussions on meal planning.Discuss in groups and plan a balanced meal.Applying knowledge.
Step 6: Evaluation3 minsQuestion & AnswerRecapAsk questions about the day’s lesson.Answer questions based on the lesson.Assessing comprehension.
Step 7: Conclusion2 minsSummaryReinforcementSummarize the key points of the lesson.Listen and recap main points.Reinforcement of key concepts.

Classroom Note:

Balance Diet

A balanced diet is a meal that contains the six classes of food in the right proportion and sufficient amount.

Foods considered as balanced diet provide us with the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that our bodies need to function optimally. For example, a balanced meal might include rice (carbohydrates), beans (proteins), vegetables (vitamins and minerals), and a small amount of oil (fats).

Lesson Evaluation:

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Define what a balanced diet is.
  2. Name one food from each food group.
  3. Explain why it is important to eat a balanced diet.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:
Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: May 24, 2024