• Class: Primary 2
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 1
  • Age: 7 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: Basic Science Technology
  • Curriculum Theme: Physical and Health Education
  • Topic: Health and Hygiene
  • Content: Definition of Hygiene & Methods of Purifying Water.

Specific Objectives:

  • Cognitive Domain: Pupils will be able to explain the meaning of hygiene and list two methods of purifying water.
  • Affective Domain: Pupils will appreciate the importance of hygiene in their daily lives.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Pupils will demonstrate one method of purifying water.
  • Social Domain: Pupils will discuss hygiene practices and share knowledge about water purification with peers.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Diagrams showing methods of water purification
  • Samples of water purification materials (e.g., chlorine tablets, filter)
  • Posters on hygiene practices
  • Videos on hygiene and water purification

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding hygiene and methods to purify water is crucial for maintaining health and preventing disease, particularly in environments where water safety is a concern. This knowledge empowers pupils to take proactive steps in managing their health and contributing to community wellness.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Pupils are assumed to have basic knowledge of personal cleanliness practices such as washing hands and brushing teeth.


Content Development: Health And Hygiene, Methods Of Purifying Water

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupil’s ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minDiscussionQuestion and AnswerIntroduce the topic, ask pupils what they know about hygieneRespond to questions, share prior knowledgeEngagement and activating prior knowledge
Step 2: Meaning Of Hygiene10 minLectureExplanationExplain the concept of hygiene and its importanceListen and take notesUnderstanding hygiene
Step 3: Methods of Purifying Water10 minDemonstrationShowing and TellingDemonstrate two methods of purifying waterObserve, ask questionsLearning how to purify water
Step 4: Group Discussion5 minGroup WorkPeer LearningGuide discussion on why hygiene is importantDiscuss in groups, share ideasSocial learning and application
Step 5: Note Taking5 minWritingRecording InformationDictate notes to be taken downWrite notes in notebooksDocumentation of learned content
Step 6: Evaluation3 minQuestioningRecallAsk questions about hygiene and water purification methodsAnswer questionsAssessment of understanding
Step 7: Conclusion2 minSummarizingReviewSummarize the lesson’s key pointsListen and ask final questionsConsolidation of the lesson’s content

Classroom Note:

Meaning Of Hygiene:

Hygiene refers to practices and habits that are conducted to maintain health and prevent diseases, especially through cleanliness.

Methods of Purifying Water

  1. Boiling Water: Heating water until it bubbles for a few minutes kills most of the germs and makes it safe to drink.
  2. Using Chlorine Tablets: Adding a small tablet to water can clean it by killing bacteria and viruses (always under adult supervision).
  3. Filtering: passing water through a filter can remove particles and some germs.
  4. Solar Disinfection: using the sun’s power to purify water. This involves filling clear plastic bottles with water and placing them in the sun for a day.
  5. Settling and Decanting: letting muddy water sit until the dirt settles at the bottom and then pouring the cleaner water on top into another container can also help make it safer.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is hygiene?
  2. Name two methods of purifying water.
  3. Why is it important to maintain good hygiene?

Note to Teachers:
Adjust the demonstrations and activities based on the resources available in your school. Encourage pupils to participate actively and ensure all pupils are involved in discussions and practical activities. Tailor the complexity of the discussion to suit the understanding and age level of your pupils.