Class: Primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Week: 7

Age: 9 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: Basic Science And Technology

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: Weather Instruments

Content: Wind vane, Rain gauge, Thermometer, Barometer, etc. Uses of weather instruments

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. State examples of weather instruments.
  2. Identify and differentiate different weather instruments.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures or actual weather instruments (if available)
  • Charts or diagrams of weather instruments
  • A whiteboard or chalkboard
  • Chalk or markers
  • Notebooks and pens/pencils for pupils

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding weather instruments is important for predicting and understanding weather patterns, which is essential in daily life for activities like planning outdoor events and dressing appropriately.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have a basic understanding of weather and temperature.


Content Development: Weather Instruments

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsIntroduce the lesson Explain the topic and its relevance in daily life. Ask questions to assess prior knowledge.Respond to questions and listen attentively.
Examples of Weather Instruments 10 minsDiscussionPresent pictures or diagrams of various weather instruments (wind vane, rain gauge, thermometer, barometer, etc.). Discuss each instrument and its use.Observe the pictures and discuss the uses of weather instruments.
Identification 10 minsDemonstrationShow pictures or actual weather instruments (if available) and explain how to identify them. Highlight the key features of each instrument.Try to identify and differentiate weather instruments based on the teacher’s guidance.
Uses of Weather Instruments5 minsDiscussionExplain the practical uses of weather instruments. Discuss how they help in weather forecasting and daily life.Listen and understand the importance of weather instruments.
Evaluation 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about weather instruments and their uses.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and encourage pupils to observe weather instruments in their environment.Share their thoughts on what they’ve learned.

Note to Pupils:

Weather instruments are tools used to measure and predict the weather.

Weather Instruments And Their Uses

  1. Thermometer: A thermometer measures temperature. It typically has a scale in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit.
  2. Barometer: A barometer measures atmospheric pressure. It helps predict changes in the weather, like upcoming rain or fair conditions.
  3. Rain Gauge: A rain gauge measures the amount of precipitation, such as rainfall. It helps in tracking rainfall over a specific period.
  4. Wind Vane: A wind vane is like an arrow that shows us which way the wind is blowing. When the wind blows, the vane turns and points in the direction the wind is coming from.


  1. Can you name some weather instruments we discussed today?
  2. Why are weather instruments important?
  3. How can you identify a thermometer from a wind vane?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: October 6, 2023