Class: Primary 2

Term: 2nd Term

Week: 5

Age: 6 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: Basic Science And Technology

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: Uses Of Plants

Content: Food, Medicine

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Mention plants around their neighborhood.
  • Mention two plants that are eaten by people and those that are for medication.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Paper and pencils for drawing
  • Pictures of different plants
  • Samples of edible and medicinal plants
  • Whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the uses of plants is essential for appreciating the role of plants in our daily lives, including providing food and medicine.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have basic knowledge of plants and their presence in the environment.


Content Development: Uses Of Plants

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsIntroduce the topic Discuss the importance of plants. Ask pupils about plants they know.Answer questions and share their knowledge.
Plant Identification 10 minsOutdoor ObservationTake pupils around the school compound to identify different plants.Identify and name plants in the school compound.
Group Discussion 10 minsGroup DiscussionLead pupils in discussing the uses of plants (food, medicine, decoration).Discuss and share their ideas in groups.
Drawing Activity 5 minsDrawingProvide pictures of plants and ask pupils to draw plants used for food and medicine.Draw plants based on the given instructions.
Note taking 5 minsExplanationProvide brief notes summarizing the key points of the lesson.Copy the notes into their notebooks.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions related to the specific objectives.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 2 minsRecapSummarize the importance of understanding the uses of plants.Share what they’ve learned.

Note to Pupils:

Uses Of Plants

  1. Food

2. Medicine

3. Oxygen Production

4. Shade and Shelter

5. Decoration

Plants Used for Food:

  1. Apple Tree:
  • Apples grow on apple trees and are delicious fruits that we can eat.

2. Carrot Plant:

  • Carrots are roots that grow underground as part of the carrot plant. We eat the orange part of the plant.

3. Rice Plant:

  • Rice is a staple food that comes from the rice plant. We eat the seeds, which are processed into rice.

Plants Used for Medicine:

  1. Aloe Vera Plant:
  • Aloe vera is a medicinal plant with soothing gel inside its leaves, often used for treating burns and skin irritations.

2. Peppermint Plant:

  • Peppermint is a herb used for making medicine, especially for soothing stomach issues and providing relief from headaches.

3. Eucalyptus Tree:

  • The leaves of the eucalyptus tree are used for medicinal purposes, such as helping with respiratory issues and congestion.


  1. Mention two plants you know from your neighborhood.
  2. List two plants used for food and one used for medicine.

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 17, 2023