• Class: Primary 2
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 1
  • Age: 6 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: Cultural And Creative Arts
  • Curriculum Theme: Cultural And Creative Arts
  • Topic: Traditional Songs/Folk Songs
  • Content: Introduction to Nigerian traditional folk songs – Uses and functions of Nigerian traditional music: joy, relaxation, etc.

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain: Identify three uses and functions of Nigerian traditional music.
  • Affective Domain: Appreciate the cultural importance of traditional songs for joy and relaxation.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Demonstrate simple rhythmic movements to traditional songs.
  • Social Domain: Participate in group activities involving traditional songs.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Audio recordings of traditional songs
  • Pictures representing joy and relaxation
  • Traditional musical instruments (if available)

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding traditional songs is vital for preserving cultural heritage, fostering a sense of identity, and appreciating the diversity of Nigerian music.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have a basic awareness of different types of music and an understanding of joy and relaxation.


Content Development: Traditional Songs/Folk Songs

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeachers ActivityPupils ActivityLearning Point
Introduction 5 minsDiscussionQuestion and AnswerIntroduce the topic and ask what traditional songs are.Respond to questions and discuss traditional songs.Understanding the concept of traditional songs.
Uses and Functions 10 minsDemonstrationAudio and Visual AidPlay audio recordings of traditional songs. Show pictures representing joy and relaxation.Listen to traditional songs and observe pictures.Identify and appreciate the uses of traditional music.
Social Activities 5 minsGroup ActivityGroup DiscussionForm small groups and discuss occasions where traditional songs are used.Share thoughts within groups.Understand the social aspects of traditional music.
Rhythmic Movements 10 minsDemonstrationPhysical DemonstrationDemonstrate simple rhythmic movements to traditional songs.Imitate and practice rhythmic movements.Develop psychomotor skills in response to music.
Conclusion 2 minsRecapQuestion and AnswerSummarize the lesson and ask questions about the key points.Participate in the recap and answer questions.Reinforce the importance of traditional songs.
Note Taking 5 minsWriting Written NoteProvide a brief summary of the key points for note-taking.Take notes in notebooks.Recall key information in written form.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerOral QuestioningAsk questions related to the specific objectives.Answer questions orally.Assess understanding of cognitive and affective domains.

Classroom Note:

Traditional folk songs refer to songs passed down orally from generation to generation within a community, often reflecting the cultural identity, history, and values of that community. These songs are a significant part of a culture’s heritage and are typically associated with specific occasions, events, or rituals.

Five uses and functions of Nigerian traditional music

  1. Cultural Preservation:
    • Traditional music serves as a means of preserving and passing down cultural heritage, including language, customs, and values.
  2. Entertainment and Joy:
    • Nigerian traditional music is used for entertainment during celebrations, festivals, and social gatherings, bringing joy and a sense of community.
  3. Relaxation and Meditation:
    • Some traditional songs are employed for relaxation and meditation, providing a calming atmosphere in various settings.
  4. Rituals and Ceremonies:
    • Traditional music plays a crucial role in rituals and ceremonies, accompanying events such as weddings, funerals, and initiation ceremonies.
  5. Storytelling and Education:
    • Traditional songs often tell stories, convey moral lessons, and educate listeners about historical events, serving as a medium for informal education.


  1. Why are traditional songs important for joy and relaxation?
  2. Name one occasion where traditional songs are commonly used.
  3. Demonstrate a simple rhythmic movement to a traditional song.

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: January 3, 2024