Class: Primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Week: 3

Age: 9 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: History

Curriculum Theme: History

Topic: The Four Early Regions In Nigeria

Content: Location of each of the regions on the map of Nigeria.

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Locate each of the early regions on the map of Nigeria.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Map of Nigeria
  • Pictures or illustrations of the four early regions
  • Whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the early regions in Nigeria is crucial for appreciating our history and how the country has evolved over time.

Pre – requisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have a basic understanding of geography and the concept of regions.


Content Development: Location Of The Early Regions In Nigeria On The Map

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
The Four Early Regions In Nigeria 10 minsDemonstrationDisplay the map of Nigeria. Point out and explain the location of each of the four early regions (North, South, East, West).Observe and listen attentively. Ask questions if necessary.
Locating Regions on the Map 10 minsGroup ActivityDivide the class into groups. Provide each group with a map of Nigeria. Instruct them to locate and label the four regions.Work together to locate and label the regions on the map.
Review and Discussion 10 minsQuestion and AnswerEngage the class in a discussion. Ask questions about what they’ve learned and clarify any misconceptions.Participate in the discussion and ask questions.
Note taking2 minsWriting Provide brief notes summarizing the key points of the lesson.Copy the notes into their notebooks.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions related to the specific objective.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and emphasize the importance of understanding the geography of Nigeria’s early regions.Share what they’ve learned.

Note to Pupils:

Location Of The Four Early Regions In Nigeria On The Map Of Nigeria

  1. Northern Region:
  • Located in the northern part of Nigeria.
  • Identified by states like Sokoto, Kano, Katsina, and others.
  • Borders neighboring countries like Niger and Chad.

2. Southern Region:

  • Situated in the southern part of Nigeria.
  • Comprises states like Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, and others.
  • Surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the south.

3. Eastern Region:

  • Found in the eastern part of Nigeria.
  • Includes states like Enugu, Imo, Abia, and others.
  • Shares borders with Cameroon to the east.

4. Western Region:

  • Positioned in the western part of Nigeria.
  • Encompasses states like Oyo, Osun, Ekiti, and others.
  • Has boundaries with the Republic of Benin to the west.


  1. Can you name the four early regions in Nigeria?
  2. Show on the map where the North region is located.
  3. Why is it important to know the geography of Nigeria’s early regions?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 15, 2023