Class: Primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Week: 8

Age: 9 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: Cultural And Creative Arts

Curriculum Theme: Cultural And Creative Arts

Topic: Principles Of Design

Content: Differences Between Music And Noise

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. State two principles of design.
  2. Differentiate between noise and music.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Examples of musical instruments
  • Audio clips of music and noise
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Interactive board or projector

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the principles of design and differentiating between noise and music is crucial for developing artistic and auditory perception skills, enhancing creativity, and fostering an appreciation for music.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have basic knowledge of different sounds and some exposure to music.


Content Development: Principles Of Design

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Principles of Design 10 minsLecture and DiscussionIntroduce and explain principles of design (balance, contrast, unity). Discuss examples.Listen and take notes. Discuss and ask questions.
Differences Between Music And Noise 10 minsComparison and ContrastPlay audio clips of music and noise. Discuss characteristics that differentiate them.Identify and discuss differences.
Note taking 5 minsWriting Provide a summary of key points on the principles of design and differences between music and noise.Take notes in their notebooks.
Evaluation 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions related to the principles of design and distinguishing music from noise.Respond to questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson, emphasize key points, and encourage questions.Share thoughts and ask questions.

Note to Pupils:

Principles Of Design:

  1. Balance: Making things look stable and not tilted, like balancing on a seesaw.
  2. Contrast: Mixing things that are different, such as big and small, light and dark, or rough and smooth, to make the design more interesting.
  3. Unity: All the parts of a design working together like a team, making the design look complete and organized.

Differences Between Music And Noise

  1. Organization: Noise is chaotic and unorganized, while music follows a structured arrangement.
  2. Pleasantness: Music is designed to be pleasant and enjoyable, while noise may be unpleasant.
  3. Rhythmic Pattern: Music has a recognizable rhythm, while noise lacks a consistent rhythmic pattern.


  1. Name two principles of design discussed in class.
  2. How can you differentiate between music and noise?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 15, 2023