Class: Primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Week: 6

Age: 9 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: Pre-Vocational Studies

Curriculum Theme: Home Economics

Topic: Personal Grooming And Use Of Cosmetics

Content: Functions Of Parts Of The Body (a) Hair (b) Eyes (c) Nose (d) Mouth (e) Teeth (f) Legs (g) Nails, etc.

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Identify parts of their body.
  • State the function of each part of their body

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Diagrams or pictures of the human body
  • Chart showing body parts and their functions
  • Mirror for self-inspection
  • Interactive whiteboard or chalkboard
  • Markers or chalk

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the functions of different body parts is crucial for personal grooming and daily activities, promoting good hygiene and health.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have basic knowledge of body parts.


Content Development: Functions Of Parts Of The Body

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsQuestion and AnswerDiscuss the importance of personal grooming. Ask questions about body parts.Respond to questions and share what they know.
Identification 10 minsGroup ActivityUse diagrams/pictures to identify and label body parts. Discuss the functions.Identify and label body parts in groups.
Function Explanation 10 minsDiscussionExplain the functions of each body part using a chart or interactive board.Discuss and note down the functions.
Self-Inspection 5 minsDemonstrationDemonstrate how to inspect different body parts in a mirror for personal grooming.Practice self-inspection in front of a mirror.
Note taking 5 minsExplanationProvide brief notes summarizing the key points of the lesson.Copy the notes into their notebooks.
Evaluation5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions related to body parts and their functions.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and emphasize the importance of personal grooming.Share what they’ve learned.

Note to Pupils:

Body Parts And Their Functions

  1. Nose:
  • Function: The nose is responsible for smelling and helps us detect different scents. It also filters and humidifies the air we breathe, trapping particles before they reach the lungs.

2. Mouth:

  • Function: The mouth is used for various functions, including eating, drinking, and speaking. It is also essential for the initial stages of digestion, as chewing breaks down food into smaller pieces.

3. Teeth:

  • Function: Teeth are crucial for chewing and breaking down food into manageable pieces, facilitating the digestion process. They also play a role in speech and contribute to facial structure.

4. Legs:

  • Function: Legs provide support and allow movement. They enable walking, running, and other physical activities. Additionally, legs help maintain balance and posture.

5. Eyes:

  • Function: Eyes are essential for vision, allowing us to see and interpret the world around us. They capture visual information and send signals to the brain, enabling us to recognize shapes, colors, and objects.


  1. Name three parts of the body and their functions.
  2. Why is it important to inspect and take care of our body parts?
  3. Demonstrate how to inspect your teeth in front of a mirror.

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 13, 2023