Class: Primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Week: 10

Age: 9 years

Duration: 40 minutes



Subject: National Values Education

Curriculum Theme: Social Studies

Topic: Other People’s Beliefs And Traditions

Content: Beliefs and customs of other people

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Explain the need to tolerate other people’s religion, their beliefs, and customs.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures or illustrations representing different cultures and customs
  • Whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding and tolerating the beliefs and customs of people from different backgrounds is important for promoting social harmony and understanding in our daily lives.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have a basic understanding of different cultures and customs.


Content Development: Other People’s Beliefs And Traditions

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsDiscussionExplain the importance of understanding and tolerating other people’s beliefs and customs.Listen and engage in the discussion.
Identifying Different Beliefs10 minsPresentationShow pictures or illustrations representing different cultures and customs. Discuss and name them.Observe and discuss the pictures.
Explaining the Need to Tolerate 10 minsExplanationExplain why it’s important to tolerate other people’s religion, beliefs, and customs.Listen and ask questions if necessary.
Group Discussion 5 minsGroup ActivityDivide students into small groups. Each group discusses the importance of tolerance in society.Discuss the importance of tolerance in their groups.
Evaluation 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about the importance of tolerance and the need to respect other people’s beliefs and customs.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and encourage students to embrace tolerance in their daily lives.Share their thoughts and understanding.

Note to Pupils:

The need to tolerate other people’s beliefs and traditions:

  1. Respect for Diversity: Our world is filled with people from different backgrounds, cultures, and religions. This diversity is what makes our world interesting and beautiful.
  2. Preventing Conflicts: When people don’t tolerate each other’s beliefs and customs, it can lead to arguments and fights. Just like if we don’t respect each other’s personal space or belongings, it can lead to problems.
  3. Learning Opportunities: When we tolerate and learn about other people’s beliefs and customs, it’s like opening a door to new knowledge. We can learn about different traditions, festivals, and ways of life. It broadens our horizons and makes us more knowledgeable and understanding.
  4. Friendship and Unity: When we show respect and tolerance to others, we can make friends from various backgrounds.
  5. Golden Rule: The Golden Rule – “Treat others how you want to be treated.” If we expect others to respect our beliefs and customs, we should do the same for them.


  1. Why is it important to tolerate other people’s beliefs and customs?
  2. How can you show respect for other people’s religions and customs in your daily life?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: October 24, 2023