Class: Primary 2

Term: 2nd Term

Week: 1

Age: 6 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: National Values Education

Curriculum Theme: Social Studies

Topic: Keeping Our Environment Clean

Content: Ways Of Keeping Our Environment Clean – Proper disposal of waste, Proper use of toilets/urinary.

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Identify three ways of keeping our environment clean.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures illustrating proper waste disposal
  • Chart showing proper use of toilets/urinals
  • Waste bins
  • Flashcards with images related to cleanliness
  • Whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding how to keep our environment clean is crucial for personal hygiene, community health, and the overall well-being of society.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have a basic understanding of cleanliness and the importance of a clean environment.


Content Development: Keeping Our Environment Clean

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsIntroduce the lesson Discuss the importance of a clean environment. Ask questions to lead pupils to suggest ways of keeping it clean.Respond to questions and suggest ways to keep the environment clean.
Proper Disposal of Waste 10 minsDemonstrationDemonstrate proper ways to dispose of waste, using pictures and examples.Observe the demonstration and discuss what they’ve learned.
Proper Use of Toilets/Urinals 10 minsDiscussionDiscuss the importance of using toilets/urinals properly. Show visuals and engage in a conversation.Share their thoughts on using toilets/urinals correctly.
Note Taking 5 minsWriting Provide key points for note-taking on ways to keep the environment clean.Take notes on the discussed points.
Evaluation 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions related to the specific objective.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the key points. Emphasize the role pupils play in keeping the environment clean.Share their understanding of the importance of a clean environment.

Note to Pupils:

Ways Of Keeping Our Environment Clean

  1. Proper Waste Disposal:
    • Teach children to throw trash in designated bins.
    • Emphasize the importance of not littering on the ground.
  2. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle:
    • Encourage the practice of reducing waste by using fewer resources.
    • Teach the concept of reusing items instead of throwing them away.
    • Introduce basic recycling habits for items like paper, plastic, and glass.
  3. Conserving Water:
    • Emphasize the importance of turning off taps tightly to prevent water wastage.
    • Teach children to report any leaking taps or pipes to adults.
  4. Planting Trees and Flowers:
    • Explain the benefits of trees and plants in keeping the air clean.
    • Engage in small gardening activities to instill a love for nature.
  5. Keeping Surroundings Clean:
    • Encourage children to clean up after themselves in classrooms and play areas.
    • Teach them to keep their personal space organized and tidy.


  1. Name two ways to properly dispose of waste.
  2. Why is it important to use toilets and urinals correctly?
  3. List one thing you can do to keep our environment clean.

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 26, 2023