Class: Primary 2

Term: 1st Term

Week: 6

Age: 8 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: History

Curriculum Theme: History

Topic: Indigenous People Of The State

Content: Historical Artifacts e.g. Nok Culture (terracotta), Igbo-Ukwu Bronze, Benin Bronze, etc.

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Identify artifacts with their names.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of historical artifacts (Nok Terracotta, Igbo-Ukwu Bronze, Benin Bronze, Queen-Mother pendant mask of the Benin Art)

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the history and cultural heritage of indigenous people is important for appreciating and preserving their heritage and understanding the origins of different cultural artifacts.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have a basic understanding of history and cultural artifacts appropriate for their age.


Content Development: Indigenous People Of The State

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction5 minsIntroduce the topic Introduce the topic and its importance.Respond to questions and listen attentively.
Historical Artifacts 15 minsVisual AidsShow pictures of Nok Terracotta, Igbo-Ukwu Bronze, Benin Bronze, and the Queen-Mother pendant mask. Discuss each briefly.Observe and discuss the artifacts.
Identifying Artifacts 10 minsDiscussionAsk pupils to identify each artifact and name them. Provide information on each when needed.Identify and name the artifacts.
Evaluation 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about the artifacts shown.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and emphasize the importance of preserving cultural heritage.Share what they’ve learned.

Note to Pupils:
What are Historical Artefacts?

Historical artifacts are special objects or items that were made by people long, long ago. These things help us learn about how people used to live, what they made, and what was important to them in the past. Historical artifacts can be really old and are like special treasures from a long time ago.

Examples of Historical Artefacts

These are some historical artifacts that shows Nigeria’s heritage:

  1. Nok Terracottas: Ancient clay figures with big eyes, made over 2,000 years ago in Nigeria.
  2. Igbo-Ukwu Bronzes: Shiny metal artworks from Nigeria, showing how skilled ancient people were at making pots and jewelry.
  3. Benin Bronzes: Metal plaques and sculptures that once decorated a king’s palace in Nigeria, telling stories of their history.
  4. Ife Terracottas and Bronzes: Realistic-looking people made out of clay and metal from Ife, Nigeria, created between 800 and 500 years ago.
  5. Owo Terracottas: Unique clay artworks from Owo, Nigeria, influenced by Ife but with their own style.
  6. Esie Soapstone Figures: Over a thousand stone statues found in Esie, Nigeria, the largest collection of such carvings in Africa.
  7. Tsoede Bronzes: Large, detailed sculptures made by the Nupe people in Nigeria, showing their artistry.
  8. Dufuna Canoe: The oldest boat discovered in Nigeria, made from a single tree trunk about 8,000 years ago.
  9. Queen Idia Mask: A beautiful ivory mask of the Benin Empire’s queen mother from Nigeria, symbolizing power and beauty.

Each of these treasures offers a glimpse into Nigeria’s rich history and cultural achievements, celebrating the creativity and ingenuity of its people through the ages.


  1. What are some historical artifacts we discussed in class?
  2. Why is it important to know about these artifacts?

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: April 11, 2024