Class: Primary 2

Term: 1st Term

Week: 3

Age: 8 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: History

Curriculum Theme: History

Topic: Indigenous People Of The State

Content: Origin, Places

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Tell short stories about their origin

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures or maps depicting the state and its indigenous people.
  • Storytelling props (if available).

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the indigenous people of the state is essential for appreciating cultural diversity and heritage.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have basic listening and speaking skills.


Content Development: Indigenous People Of The State

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 10 minsIntroduce the lesson Ask questions to assess prior knowledge about indigenous people.Respond to questions and share what they know.
Storytelling 10 minsStorytellingShare a story about the indigenous people of the state, their origin, and places they come from. Encourage active listening.Listen attentively to the story.
Repetition 10 minsGroup ActivityDivide pupils into groups and ask them to repeat the story in their own words.Repeat the story as told in their groups.
Evaluation 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about the story to test comprehension.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and emphasize the importance of understanding our history.Share their thoughts on the lesson.

Note to Pupils:
Origin And Place Of Indigenous People.

The origin of indigenous people means where the indigenous people come from or where they started to live a long time ago. Learning about our origin helps us know where our ancestors or people who lived before us came from and how they started their lives in a certain place.

Origin of Major Indigenous People of Nigeria

The origins of Nigeria’s major indigenous peoples are deeply rooted in oral histories and archaeological findings, painting a rich tapestry of cultural and ethnic diversity:

  • Hausa-Fulani: The Hausa kingdoms were established between the 7th and 14th centuries in northern Nigeria, thriving on trade and agriculture. The Fulani, originally pastoralists, migrated to the Hausa region in the 13th century and later, in the 19th century, led a significant Islamic uprising under Usman dan Fodio, resulting in the establishment of the Sokoto Caliphate and merging Hausa and Fulani cultures.
  • Yoruba: According to Yoruba mythology, their origins are traced back to Ile-Ife, believed to be the cradle of human existence and civilization. The Yoruba kingdoms, notable for their advanced urbanization and monumental architecture, were established by the 11th century in southwestern Nigeria.
  • Igbo: The Igbo people’s origins are often linked to the Nri Kingdom, considered the cradle of Igbo culture and civilization, with archaeological evidence dating back to the 9th century in southeastern Nigeria. The Igbo have a strong tradition of village autonomy, republican governance, and a deeply spiritual worldview centered around the earth goddess, Ala.
  • Ijaw: Primarily fishermen, the Ijaw people’s history is intertwined with the Niger Delta’s complex riverine system. Their society, one of the oldest in Nigeria, is organized into clans and is known for its intricate masks and water spirit worship.
  • Kanuri: Originating from the Kingdom of Kanem, near Lake Chad, the Kanuri became dominant with the rise of the Kanem-Bornu Empire in the 9th century. Their history is marked by conquests, the spread of Islam, and trans-Saharan trade.

Each group’s origin story reflects a blend of myth, historical migrations, and interactions with neighboring cultures, contributing to Nigeria’s rich cultural mosaic.


  1. What did you learn about the indigenous people of our state?
  2. Why is it important to know about our history and where we come from?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: April 11, 2024