• Class: Primary 2
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 5
  • Age: 6 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: National Values Education
  • Curriculum Theme: Security Education
  • Topic: Identification Of Security Agencies
  • Content: Nigerian Army

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Describe how to identify soldiers or members of an army.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of Nigerian Army personnel
  • Chart showing the mode of dressing of soldiers
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Images or videos demonstrating army duties

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding how to identify security agencies, like the Nigerian Army, promotes awareness, respect, and cooperation with these institutions, contributing to overall national security.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have basic knowledge of the concept of security and community helpers.


Content Development: Nigerian Army

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsIntroduce the lesson Discuss the importance of security agencies like the army.Respond to questions and express thoughts on security.
Identifying Soldiers 10 minsDiscussion & DisplayShow pictures of soldiers and discuss identifying features.Observe pictures, discuss features, and ask questions.
Mode of Dressing 10 minsDemonstration & Q/ADemonstrate and discuss how soldiers dress.Identify and discuss the elements of soldiers’ clothing.
Army Duties 5 minsStorytelling & Q/AShare a simple story or examples of army duties.Engage in discussions about the responsibilities of soldiers.
Note taking 5 minsWriting Provide brief notes summarizing key identification points.Copy important points into their notebooks.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about soldiers’ identification and duties.Respond to questions individually.
Conclusion 2 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and emphasize the importance of security.Share reflections on what they’ve learned.

Note to Pupils:

How to identify soldiers or members of an army

  1. Uniform:
  • Soldiers typically wear a distinct uniform that sets them apart. Explain to the students that soldiers might wear camouflage outfits in various colors, depending on their environment.

2. Badge or Insignia:

  • Soldiers often have badges or insignias on their uniforms. These symbols represent their rank, unit, or branch of the military. Point out these elements in pictures or illustrations.
  • 3. Headgear:
  • Soldiers commonly wear specific headgear, such as hats or helmets. Highlight the unique features of these head coverings, like shape and insignias.

4. Equipment:

  • Soldiers carry specific equipment, like backpacks, weapons, and sometimes radios. Discuss these items and their roles in the soldiers’ duties.

5. Location:

  • Explain that soldiers are usually found in specific places, such as military bases, checkpoints, or areas where they are deployed for security reasons.

6. Duties:

  • Soldiers have distinctive duties, such as guarding important places or participating in parades. Describe these responsibilities to help students understand the tasks soldiers perform.

7. Behavior:

  • Emphasize that soldiers exhibit disciplined behavior. They march in an organized manner, follow commands, and maintain a vigilant and alert posture.


  1. How can you identify a soldier?
  2. What is the importance of security agencies like the army?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 29, 2023