Class: Primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Week: 7

Age: 9 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: National Values Education

Curriculum Theme: Civic Education

Topic: Functions Of Government

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • List three functions of the government.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Whiteboard
  • Markers
  • Chalkboard
  • Chalk
  • Visual aids (e.g., images of government functions)

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the functions of the government is crucial to being informed citizens and actively participating in civic life.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have a basic understanding of what government is and its role in society.


Content Development: Functions Of Government

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk what pupils know about the government. Explain that governments have various functions.Share what they know and listen attentively.
Identifying Government Functions 10 minsDiscussion and Visual AidsShow visual aids of government functions (e.g., making laws, providing services, maintaining order). Discuss each function.Identify and discuss government functions.
Government Functions Activity10 minsGroup ActivityDivide pupils into groups. Each group discusses and presents a function of the government.Discuss and present their assigned function.
Evaluation 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about the government functions.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson, emphasizing the importance of understanding government functions.Share what they’ve learned.

Note to Pupils:

Functions Of Government:

  1. Making Laws: The government creates and enforces laws to maintain order in society, protect citizens’ rights, and ensure fairness.
  2. Providing Services: Governments offer essential services to citizens, such as education, healthcare, transportation, and public safety.
  3. Maintaining Order: Governments are responsible for ensuring public safety by maintaining law and order through law enforcement agencies like the police.
  4. Defending the Nation: Governments have the duty to protect the country from external threats and maintain a strong national defense.
  5. Collecting Taxes: Governments collect taxes from citizens to finance public services, infrastructure, and various government programs.


  1. What are three functions of the government?
  2. Why is it important to know what the government does?
  3. How can you contribute to your community through government functions?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: October 27, 2023