Class: Primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Week: 10

Age: 9 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: History

Curriculum Theme: History

Topic: Federal Capitals

Content: First federal capital of Nigeria (Lagos).
The year it was made the federal capital.
The name of the then head of state.

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • State the first federal capital of Nigeria.
  • Mention the year it was made the federal capital.
  • Mention the name of the then head of state.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Map of Nigeria
  • Pictures of Lagos as the capital
  • Information cards with key details
  • Whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the historical significance of the first federal capital is crucial for appreciating the development of Nigeria as a nation.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Basic knowledge of Nigeria’s geography and early history.


Content Development: Federal Capitals

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsIntroduce the lesson Discuss the concept of a capital and ask pupils if they know the current capital of Nigeria.Share what they know about the capital.
Lagos as the First Capital 10 minsDiscussionIntroduce Lagos as the first federal capital. Show pictures and discuss its significance.Ask questions about Lagos as the capital.
Year it Became the Capital 10 minsExplanationProvide the year Lagos became the federal capital. Discuss the historical context.Repeat the year and its significance.
Head of State 5 minsStorytellingTell a brief story about the head of state during Lagos’ time as the capital.Discuss and ask questions about the head of state.
Note taking 5 minsGuided Note-TakingGuide pupils in noting down key information about Lagos as the first federal capital.Take notes in their notebooks.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions related to the specific objectives.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 2 minsRecapSummarize the key points of the lesson. Emphasize the importance of historical knowledge.Share what they’ve learned.

Note to Pupils:

Lagos was the first Federal Capital In Nigeria

Lagos was made the federal capital of Nigeria in 1914.

The head of state when Lagos was the federal capital was Lord Frederick Lugard.


  1. What was the first federal capital of Nigeria?
  2. In which year did Lagos become the federal capital?
  3. Who was the head of state when Lagos was the capital?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 16, 2023