Class: Primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Week: 5

Age: 9 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: National Values Education

Curriculum Theme: Social Studies

Topic: Elements Of Culture

Content: Food, dressing, language, religion, festivals, etc.

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Identify four elements of culture.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures or illustrations representing various elements of culture
  • A chalkboard or whiteboard with markers
  • Colorful markers
  • Notebooks and pencils for pupils

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the elements of culture is essential to appreciate the diversity and richness of our society and promote unity. It helps in respecting and understanding people from different cultural backgrounds.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have basic knowledge of their own culture and a general understanding of what culture is.


Content Development: Elements Of Culture

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsDiscussionAsk pupils what culture means. Discuss the importance of understanding different elements of culture.Listen and participate in the discussion.
Elements of Culture 10 minsVisual PresentationShow pictures or illustrations representing various elements of culture (food, dressing, language, religion, festivals). Explain each element.Observe and ask questions if necessary.
Identifying Elements 10 minsGroup ActivityDivide pupils into small groups. Provide pictures of elements of culture. Ask each group to identify and discuss four elements.Collaborate in groups to identify and discuss the elements.
Group Presentations 5 minsPresentationEach group presents their findings to the class. Encourage discussion.Present findings and engage in discussions.
Evaluation 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about the elements of culture discussed and the specific objectives.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and its importance. Encourage pupils to appreciate and respect different cultures.Share what they’ve learned and their thoughts.

Note to Pupils:

Elements Of Culture

  • Food
  • Dressing
  • Language
  • Religion
  • Festivals

Understanding these elements helps us respect and appreciate different cultures.


  1. Name four elements of culture we discussed in class.
  2. Why is it important to understand different elements of culture?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: October 24, 2023