Class: Primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Week: 9

Age: 9 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: National Values Education

Curriculum Theme: Civic Education

Topic: Differences Between Traditional And Constitutional Government

Specific Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • List 2 differences Between Traditional And Constitutional Government.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Whiteboard
  • Markers
  • Visual aids (e.g., images or diagrams of traditional and constitutional government)
  • Handouts with key points

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the differences between traditional and constitutional government is essential for civic education. It helps pupils comprehend the systems of governance and their relevance in daily life.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students should have a basic understanding of government systems and structures.


Content Development: Differences Between Traditional And Constitutional Government

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsDiscussionExplain the topic’s importance. Ask pupils if they know what “government” means.Respond to questions and share any prior knowledge.
Differences 15 minsDiscussionDiscuss and define “traditional government” and “constitutional government.” Present examples and highlight differences.Listen attentively and take notes.
Group Activity10 minsGroup WorkDivide pupils into groups. Provide scenarios and ask them to identify whether it’s related to traditional or constitutional government.Work in groups to classify scenarios.
Evaluation 5 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions to test pupils’ understanding of the topic and specific objectives.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and encourage pupils to learn more about their government systems.Share what they’ve learned and express their interest.

Note to Pupils:

Differences Between Traditional And Constitutional Government:

  1. Source of Authority:
  • Traditional Government: Authority is derived from customs, traditions, and local leaders.
  • Constitutional Government: Authority is based on laws and a written constitution.

2. Leadership Selection:

  • Traditional Government: Leaders are often hereditary or chosen based on cultural norms.
  • Constitutional Government: Leaders are elected by the people through democratic processes.

3. Flexibility of Laws:

  • Traditional Government: Laws can change based on customs and traditions, and they may vary from place to place.
  • Constitutional Government: Laws are written in a constitution and are generally consistent and less flexible.

4. Rights and Freedoms:

  • Traditional Government: Rights and freedoms may be limited, and individuals may have fewer legal protections.
  • Constitutional Government: Citizens have well-defined rights and freedoms protected by the constitution and the rule of law.


  1. What is traditional government?
  2. What is constitutional government?
  3. Can you give an example of each?
  4. Name one difference between traditional and constitutional government.

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: October 27, 2023