Class: Primary 2

Term: 2nd Term

Week: 2

Age: 6 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: Basic Science And Technology

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: Dangers Of Taking Harmful Substances

Content: Effects Of Abusing Drugs And Using Harmful Substances

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Identify the effects of abusing drugs.
  2. Explain the effects of using harmful substances.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Images or illustrations depicting the effects of drug abuse
  • Examples of harmful substances (non-consumable, for demonstration purposes)
  • Large paper and markers for brainstorming

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the dangers of taking harmful substances is crucial for the well-being of individuals. This knowledge empowers pupils to make informed decisions regarding their health.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils should have basic knowledge of health and safety.


Content Development: Dangers Of Taking Harmful Substances

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsIntroduce the topic Ask pupils if they know what harmful substances are and why they are dangerous.Respond to questions and participate in the discussion.
Effects of Abusing Drugs 10 minsStorytelling/DiscussionShare stories illustrating the effects of abusing drugs. Facilitate a discussion on the stories.Listen to stories and discuss the effects as a group.
Effects of Using Harmful Substances 10 minsDemonstrationShow examples of harmful substances and discuss their potential effects.Observe and ask questions about the harmful substances.
Brainstorming5 minsGroup ActivityEngage pupils in brainstorming about why it’s important to avoid harmful substances.Share ideas on why avoiding harmful substances is important.
Note taking 2 minsWriting Provide brief notes summarizing the key points of the lesson.Copy the notes into their notebooks.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about the effects of abusing drugs and using harmful substances.Respond to questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and emphasize the importance of making healthy choices.Share what they’ve learned and discuss the importance of health.

Note to Pupils:

Dangers Of Taking Harmful Substances And Abusing Drugs

  1. Sickness: Abusing drugs and harmful substances can make people very sick, causing various health problems.
  2. Hurt the Body: Using harmful substances can hurt the body and make it weak.
  3. Not Thinking Clearly: Abusing drugs can make it hard for people to think clearly or make good decisions.
  4. Bad Behavior: Taking harmful substances may lead to bad behavior and actions that can get people into trouble.
  5. Can Be Dangerous: Abusing drugs and harmful substances can be dangerous and might even cause death.


  1. Why is it important to avoid abusing drugs?
  2. Can you name one harmful substance and its potential effects?
  3. What did you learn about the dangers of taking harmful substances?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 17, 2023