Class: Primary 3

Term: 1st Term

Week: 2

Age: 8 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: National Values Education

Curriculum Theme: Social Studies



  • Definition of culture
  • Elements of culture
  • Differences in culture

Specific Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Define culture
  • Mention 4 elements of culture
  • List 3 differences in culture

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of different cultures
  • A whiteboard or chalkboard
  • Markers or chalk
  • Chart paper
  • Notebooks and pens for pupils

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding culture is vital in appreciating diversity and building a harmonious society. This lesson will help pupils develop an awareness of different cultures and promote respect for cultural differences.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Pupils should have a basic understanding of what culture is, as this lesson builds on their existing knowledge.


Content Development:

StepTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction (Define Culture)5 minsDiscussion– Begin by asking pupils if they know what culture is.– Pupils respond to the question.
– Explain that culture refers to the way of life of a group of people, including their beliefs, values, customs, and traditions.– Listen attentively and take notes.
Elements of Culture10 minsExplanation– List and explain eight elements of culture (e.g., language, clothing, food, music, dance, religion, art, and celebrations).– Pupils take notes and ask questions if necessary.
– Show pictures representing these elements to aid understanding.– Observe the pictures and discuss.
Differences in Culture10 minsGroup Activity– Divide pupils into small groups.– Pupils form groups.
– Provide each group with pictures or descriptions of different cultures.– Discuss the differences they observe and list them.
– Each group presents their findings.– Present their findings and listen to other groups.
Note Taking5 minsExplanation– Summarize the main points of the lesson: What culture is, elements of culture, and differences in culture.– Take notes in their notebooks.
Evaluation5 minsQuestion and Answer– Ask questions to test pupils’ understanding of the lesson’s objectives.– Respond to the questions.
Conclusion5 minsDiscussion– Recap the key points of the lesson and emphasize the importance of respecting different cultures.– Participate in the discussion.

Note to Pupils:


Culture is the way of life of a group of people, including their beliefs, values, customs, and traditions.

Elements of Culture

There are eight elements of culture: language, clothing, food, music, dance, religion, art, and celebrations.

Differences in Culture

  1. Language: Different cultures have their own languages and dialects.
  2. Clothing: People from various cultures wear distinct clothing, often reflecting their traditions and climate.
  3. Food: The types of food, cooking methods, and eating customs can vary greatly between cultures.
  4. Music: Music styles and instruments differ from one culture to another, influencing the way people express themselves.
  5. Dance: Dances are unique to each culture and may be used in celebrations and rituals.


  1. What does culture refer to?
  2. Can you name any two elements of culture?
  3. Why is it important to respect and appreciate different cultures?

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: October 25, 2023