Class: Primary 2

Term: 2nd Term

Week: 1

Age: 6 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: Basic Science And Technology

Curriculum Theme: Basic Technology

Topic: Clay

Content: Preparing Clay For Moulding

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Identify the steps involved in preparing clay for molding.
  2. Identify objects that can be made with clay.
  3. Draw any of the objects mentioned.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Clay
  • Water
  • Plastic trays
  • Modeling tools
  • Pictures of clay objects
  • Drawing materials

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding how to prepare clay for molding is crucial for creative activities. It enhances pupils’ knowledge of materials and fosters creativity in making objects from clay.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have basic knowledge of different types of soil.


Content Development: Clay

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsIntroduce the topic Discuss what pupils know about clay. Ask questions to assess prior knowledge.Respond to questions and share their thoughts.
Properties of Clay 10 minsDemonstrationShow clay and discuss its properties. Differentiate clay from other types of soil.Observe and touch the clay, noting its properties.
Preparing Clay for Moulding 5 minsGuided PracticeDemonstrate step-by-step how to prepare clay for molding. Allow pupils to follow along.Prepare clay for molding under teacher’s guidance.
Objects from Clay 5 minsDiscussionShow pictures of objects made from clay. Discuss and identify objects that can be made.Share ideas on objects they can make with clay.
Drawing Objects 5 minsGuided PracticeDemonstrate how to draw an object made from clay. Pupils follow along.Attempt to draw objects made from clay.
Note taking 2 minsExplanationProvide brief notes summarizing key points of the lesson.Copy the notes into their notebooks.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about the steps in preparing clay, objects made from clay, and drawing.Answer questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson and encourage pupils to practice molding and drawing with clay.Share their thoughts on the lesson.

Note to Pupils:

Preparing Clay For Moulding

  1. Gathering Materials:
  • Collect the necessary materials, including clay, water, plastic trays, and modeling tools.

2. Softening the Clay:

  • Place the clay in a plastic tray.
  • Sprinkle a small amount of water over the clay.
  • Allow the clay to absorb the water for a few minutes.

3. Kneading the Clay:

  • Use your hands to knead and squeeze the clay gently.
  • Continue kneading until the clay becomes soft and pliable.

4. Removing Air Bubbles:

  • Flatten the clay and gently press it to remove any air bubbles.
  • Smooth the surface of the clay with your hands.

5. Shaping the Clay:

  • Mold the clay into the desired shape for your project.
  • Use modeling tools to add details or refine the shape.

6. Allowing for Drying:

  • Let the molded clay sit for some time to dry and set.
  • Ensure it is placed on a flat surface.

Objects that can be made from clay

  • Clay Animals
  • Clay Flowers
  • Clay Cars
  • Clay Houses


  1. What are the steps involved in preparing clay for molding?
  2. Can you name objects that can be made from clay?
  3. Draw a picture of an object made from clay.

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 17, 2023