Class: Primary 2

Term: 2nd Term

Week: 6

Age: 6 years


Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: Basic Science And Technology

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: Animal Identification

Content: Features, Behavior

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Identify common animals around their neighborhood.
  • Describe the features and behaviors of these animals.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of common animals
  • Chart or board for drawing
  • Markers or chalk
  • Notebooks and pencils

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding how to identify and describe animals is essential for appreciating the biodiversity around us. It promotes observation skills and an understanding of the natural world.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Students should have basic knowledge of common animals and their general characteristics.


Content Development: Animal Identification

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Point/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction 5 minsIntroduce the topic Introduce the topic and explain its importance.Respond to questions. Listen attentively.
Identifying Animals10 minsDiscussionShow pictures of common animals. Discuss and identify animals found in their locality.Identify and name animals. Discuss features and behaviors.
Drawing Features/Behaviors 10 minsDemonstrationDemonstrate drawing features/behaviors of an animal on the board or chart. Emphasize details.Attempt to draw features/behaviors of an animal.
Group Activity 5 minsGroup WorkDivide pupils into groups. Provide pictures of different animals. Have them discuss and draw features/behaviors.Work collaboratively in groups.
Note Taking 2 minsWriting Provide brief notes summarizing key points of the lesson.Copy the notes into their notebooks.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about identified animals, their features, and behaviors.Respond to questions individually.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and DiscussionSummarize the lesson. Emphasize the importance of observing and understanding animals.Share what they’ve learned.

Note to Pupils:

Animal Identification

  1. Cat:
  • Features: Soft fur, sharp claws, whiskers, pointed ears.
  • Behaviors: Purring, scratching, hunting for mice.

2. Dog:

  • Features: Fur (varies), wagging tail, floppy or pointed ears.
  • Behaviors: Barking, wagging tail when happy, loyalty to humans.

3. Butterfly:

  • Features: Colorful wings, antenna, delicate body.
  • Behaviors: Fluttering from flower to flower, sipping nectar.

4. Elephant:

  • Features: Large ears, long trunk, tusks (in some species).
  • Behaviors: Trumpeting, using the trunk for grasping objects, living in herds.

5. Fish:

  • Features: Scales, fins, gills for breathing underwater.
  • Behaviors: Swimming, gill movement for breathing, living in schools (for some species).


  1. Name three animals you can find in your neighborhood.
  2. Describe the features of one of the animals mentioned.
  3. Why is it important to observe and understand animals?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: November 17, 2023