Class: Primary 1

Term: 1st Term

Week: 1

Age: 6 years

Duration: 45 minutes


Subject: Basic Science and Technology 

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: The Environment

Content: Exploring the environment, Things in the environment.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Explain environment
  2. Identify and mention various things in the environment
  3. Explore and observe the environment.


  • Pictures or visuals of various elements in the environment (trees, animals, water bodies, buildings, etc.)
  • Flashcards or posters depicting different environmental elements, Maps or globes to showcase the Earth’s features and geographical locations
  • Samples of natural resources like rocks, leaves, or soil
  • Books or printed materials about the environment and its components
  • Audio or video recordings of nature sounds or environmental documentaries.

Teaching Aides:

  1. Magnifying glasses or binoculars for close observation of natural objects or distant elements in the environment.
  2. Microscopes to explore microscopic organisms or examine tiny environmental components.
  3. Field trip arrangements to explore the local environment, such as visiting a park, garden, or nearby natural areas.
  4. Digital devices or interactive whiteboards for multimedia presentations or virtual explorations of different environments.
  5. Recycling bins or examples of recycled materials to emphasize environmental conservation.
  6. Safety equipment for outdoor activities, such as hats, sunscreen, and insect repellent.
  7. Charts or diagrams to illustrate the interconnectedness of different environmental elements.


Content Development – The Environment

TimeContentTeacher’s ActivityTeaching MethodPupils’ Activities
5 minsIntroduction to the lessonIntroduce the topic and set objectivesDiscussionListen attentively
10 minsDefinition and explanation of the environmentProvide a clear definition and explanationLecturePay attention and take notes
10 minsIdentification and mention of various things found in the environmentFacilitate group activity and guide discussionsGroup activityDiscuss in groups and list examples of things found in the environment
10 minsExploring and observing the environmentLead the field trip and encourage observationField tripAccompany teacher on a short outdoor exploration, observe and discuss findings
5 minsEvaluationPose questions and facilitate discussionQuestions and answersRespond to questions asked by the teacher
5 minsNote copyingEnsure pupils copy the note accuratelyIndividual activityCopy the important note into your notebook


What is Environment?

An environment is the surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates. It includes both natural and man-made elements such as trees, animals, water bodies, houses, roads, etc.

Various things found in the environment include plants, animals, rocks, soil, air, water, buildings, vehicles, etc.


  1. What is an environment?
  2. Can you mention three things found in the environment?
  3. What did you observe during the outdoor exploration?


Please note that the actual content of the lesson, teaching methods, and pupil activities may vary based on your specific teaching style, curriculum, or resources. Feel free to customize.

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Lesson Notes,

Last Update: August 24, 2023