Class: Primary 4
Term: 3rd Term
Week: 1
Age: 9 years
Duration: 40 minutes
Subject: Basic Science & Technology
Curriculum Theme: Basic Science
Previous Lesson: Pure and Impure Water
Topic: Water (Ice)

Content/Learning Area:

  • Freezing
  • Water as Ice

Performance Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain: Define freezing and explain the process of freezing water into ice.
  • Affective Domain: Appreciate the importance of ice in daily life and develop curiosity about physical changes.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Demonstrate the freezing process using simple materials.
  • Social Domain: Collaborate with peers to discuss the uses of ice in various cultural and environmental contexts.

Reference Materials:

The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information from Science Kids
  • Relevant Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Diagrams of the water cycle
  • Real ice blocks
  • Thermometer
  • Visual aids showing freezing and melting

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the physical transformation of water into ice provides foundational knowledge in physical science. It is essential for pupils to recognize how states of matter change due to temperature and how this knowledge applies to everyday life.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils are expected to have basic knowledge of water states and have observed ice in various forms in their surroundings.


Learning Area: Water (Ice)

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupil’s ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minLectureQuestion and AnswerExplain what freezing is.Listen and respond to questions.Understanding freezing
Step 2: Explaining Freezing10 minDemonstrationInteractive DiscussionShow an ice block and discuss its originObserve ice and participate in discussionIce is frozen water
Step 3: Properties of Ice10 minGroup WorkExperimentationGuide pupils in touching and feeling iceTouch ice, feel its temperature, textureSensory understanding of ice
Step 4: Uses of Ice10 minInteractive LearningGroup DiscussionDiscuss different uses of iceContribute ideas about using icePractical uses of ice
Step 5: Note taking2 minWritingNote TakingInstruct on note takingWrite down key points about iceRecording learned information
Step 6: Evaluation2 minQ&AAssessmentAsk questions about lessonAnswer questions to show understandingAssessing comprehension
Step 7: Conclusion1 minSummarizationRecapSummarize the lessonListen and clarify doubtsRecap of the lesson

Classroom Note:


Freezing is the process by which a liquid turns into a solid when its temperature is lowered below its freezing point. For water, this means changing into ice at 0 degrees Celsius (it’s freezing point). This means that water molecules slow down and arrange themselves into fixed positions, forming a solid.

Water as Ice

When water freezes, it expands and becomes ice. This ice is simply water in its solid state, commonly used to cool drinks, preserve food, and even for fun activities like ice skating!

Lesson Evaluation:

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Define freezing
  2. Describe how ice feels and looks.
  3. List two uses of ice you discussed today.
  4. Explain why ice is important in daily life.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:

Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind, and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils’ comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: April 19, 2024