• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 9
  • Age: 8 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: Pre Vocational Studies
  • Curriculum Theme: Agricultural Science
  • Topic: Uses Of Oil
  • Content: Usefulness Of Oil To Human Body

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive domain: Explain two uses of oil to the human body.
  • Affective domain: Express appreciation for the importance of oil in daily life.
  • Psychomotor domain: Demonstrate proper usage of oil in a practical scenario.
  • Social Domain: Collaborate in listing and discussing the uses of oil in a social activity.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Samples of different oils (e.g., olive oil, vegetable oil)
  • Pictures illustrating oil use in cooking and personal care
  • Whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the uses of oil is crucial for maintaining a healthy lifestyle, as it plays a vital role in various aspects of our daily routines, including cooking and personal care.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students should have basic knowledge of different types of foods and their uses.


Content Development: Uses Of Oil

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Introduction 5 minsDiscussionQuestion and AnswerIntroduce the topic and ask students what they know about oil.Respond to questions and share their knowledge.Understand the importance of oil in daily life.
Importance of Oil 10 minsDemonstrationVisual AidsShow pictures of oil being used in cooking and personal care.Observe and discuss the uses of oil.Identify the importance of oil in different activities.
Social Activity 10 minsGroup ActivityCollaborative LearningDivide students into groups. Guide them to list 5 uses of oil.Discuss and compile a list of uses in groups.Understand the various applications of oil through collaboration.
Practical Demonstration 5 minsDemonstrationHands-on ExperienceDemonstrate the proper usage of oil in cooking or personal care.Observe and try out the usage of oil practically.Develop practical skills in using oil.
Note taking 5 minsExplanationNote MakingSummarize key points about the uses of oil.Take notes based on the teacher’s summary.Consolidate information on the uses of oil.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerCritical ThinkingAsk questions related to the uses of oil.Answer questions individually, encouraging critical thinking.Assess comprehension and critical thinking on the topic.
Conclusion 2 minsRecapReflectionSummarize the lesson and discuss the importance of oil in daily life.Reflect on what they’ve learned during the lesson.Reinforce the significance of oil in daily activities.

Classroom Note:

Uses of Oil To Human Body

  1. Cooking: Oil is used in cooking to prepare various dishes.
  2. Skincare: Oil is applied to the skin for moisturizing and nourishment.
  3. Haircare: Some oils are used to promote healthy hair and scalp.
  4. Medicine: Certain oils have medicinal properties and are used for health benefits.
  5. Lighting: In the past, oil was used for lamps to provide light.

Usefulness Of Oil In Maintaining Tools And Equipments

  1. Lubrication:
    • This helps prevent wear and tear, ensuring smoother operation and extending the lifespan of tools.
  2. Rust Prevention:
    • Applying oil to metal surfaces creates a protective layer, preventing exposure to moisture and inhibiting the formation of rust.
  3. Corrosion Resistance:
    • Oil protects tools and equipment from damage caused by exposure to air, water, or chemicals.
  4. Temperature Control:
    • Some specialized oils are designed to withstand high temperatures.
  5. Cleaning and Degreasing:
    • Oil can be used as a cleaning agent to remove dirt, and built-up debris from tools and equipment.

Importance Of Including Oil In Our Diet

  1. Energy Source:
    • Oil is a concentrated source of energy, providing essential calories that the body needs for daily activities and functions.
  2. Nutrient Absorption:
    • Certain vitamins, known as fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K), require the presence of fats, including oils, for absorption.
  3. Cell Structure:
    • Fats from oils contribute to the structure of cell membranes. They are essential for maintaining the integrity and function of cells throughout the body.
  4. Brain Function:
    • The brain is composed of a significant amount of fat, and including healthy oils in the diet supports cognitive function, memory, and overall brain health.
  5. Skin and Hair Health:
    • Oils play a role in maintaining healthy skin and hair. They help keep the skin moisturized, prevent dryness, and contribute to a glossy and healthy appearance of hair.


  1. List three uses of oil to the human body.
  2. Demonstrate how you would use oil in cooking or personal care.

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: January 18, 2024