Class: Primary 1

Term: 2nd Term

Week: 7

Age: 6 years

Duration: 45 minutes


Subject: Basic Science and Technology 

Curriculum Theme: Physical & Health Education 

Topic: Swimming

Content: Skills for beginners

Specific Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to:

  • Define swimming
  • List Basic swimming skills for beginners
  • Demonstrate basic skills in swimming

Instructional Materials:

1. Swimming pool

2. Floatation devices

3. Kickboards

4. Water noodles

5. Whistle

6. Timer


Content Development: Skills for Beginners

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Step 1: Introduction5 minutesDiscussionGreet the pupils and ask if they have heard of swimming before.Explain that swimming is the activity of moving through water using the arms and legs.Show pictures or videos of people swimming to give examples.Listen attentively.Observe the pictures or videos of swimming.
Step 2: Water Safety10 minutesExplanationDiscuss the importance of water safety.Explain that swimming should always be done under adult supervision.Show and discuss the use of floatation devices and kickboards for safety.Demonstrate how to enter and exit the water safely.Pay attention to the teacher’s explanation.Ask questions about water safety.Practice entering and exiting the water safely.
Step 3: Basic Swimming Techniques15 minutesDemonstration and PracticeTeach the basic arm movements for swimming (freestyle stroke).Show how to kick the legs to propel through the water.Guide the pupils in practicing the arm and leg movements on land.Provide individual feedback and correction as needed.Imitate the arm and leg movements shown by the teacher.Practice the movements on land.Receive feedback and correction from the teacher.
Step 4: Getting into the Water5 minutesDemonstration and PracticeShow how to enter the water safely using the pool ladder or steps.Guide the pupils in getting into the water one by one.Remind them of the importance of staying in their depth.Observe the teacher’s demonstration.Follow the teacher’s guidance to get into the water.Stay within their depth and follow safety rules.
Step 5: Evaluation5 minutesQuestion and AnswerAsk pupils questions about the skills they have learned.Observe their responses and understanding.Answer the teacher’s questions.Express their understanding of the skills learned.
Step 6: Note Copying5 minutesWritingProvide a summary of the lesson for pupils to copy into their notebooks.Copy the note into their notebooks.


Swimming – Skills for beginners


Swimming is the activity of moving through water using the arms and legs.

Skills for beginners:

  1. Floating.
  2. Kicking legs
  3. Water Comfort
  4. Breathing
  5. Arm Movements
  6. Basic Strokes
  7. Safety Skills
  8. Jumping and Diving
  9. Water Entry Techniques
  10. Introduction to Breaststroke and Butterfly

Swimming guide for beginners:

  1. Get comfortable being inside the water.
  2. Learn how to hold your breath while underwater.
  3. Understand how to float on the water’s surface.
  4. Practicing different kicking movements such as flutter kick.
  5. Learn basic arm movements like the freestyle stroke.
  6. Master safe methods of entering and exiting the water, such as using ladders or steps.
  7. Always swim under adults supervision.


Ask the following questions to evaluate the lesson:

  1. What is swimming?
  2. What are the basic arm movements for swimming?
  3. How do you enter the water safely?

Teaching Aids:

1. Pictures or videos of swimming

2. Floatation devices

3. Kickboards

4. Water noodles

5. Whistle

6. Timer

Note to Teachers:

Please note that the actual content of the lesson, teaching methods, and pupil activities may vary based on your specific teaching style and curriculum or resources. Feel free to customize the lesson note to fit your needs.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: August 27, 2023