Class: Primary 1

Term: 3rd Term

Week: 1

Age: 6 years

Duration: 40 minutes


Subject: Basic Science Technology

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: Swimming

Content: Concept Of Swimming, Preliminary Skills In Swimming

Specific Objectives:

  • Cognitive Domain: Pupils should be able to explain the concept of swimming.
  • Affective Domain: Pupils should develop an interest and appreciation for swimming as a physical activity.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Pupils should be able to mention at least two preliminary skills in swimming.
  • Social Domain: Pupils should recognize swimming as a social activity that fosters teamwork and cooperation.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of swimmers
  • Videos of basic swimming skills
  • Physical demonstrations (if possible)

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding the concept of swimming and learning its preliminary skills are fundamental in ensuring safety around water bodies. It also serves as a foundation for developing swimming as a life skill, promoting physical health, and encouraging social interactions through group swimming activities.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils are expected to have basic knowledge of water safety and familiarity with water (like bathing).


Content Development: Swimming

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupil’s ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5minDiscussionQuestion and AnswerIntroduce the topic and ask what they know about swimmingShare their existing knowledge of swimmingIntroduction to swimming
Step 2: Concept of Swimming10minExplanationDemonstration/VisualsExplain the concept of swimming, use visualsListen and observeUnderstanding what swimming is
Step 3: Preliminary Skills10minDemonstrationGuided PracticeDemonstrate two preliminary skills in swimmingWatch and identify the skills shownIdentifying preliminary swimming skills
Step 4: Importance of Swimming5minDiscussionStorytellingDiscuss the importance and benefits of swimmingParticipate in discussionAppreciating the value of swimming
Step 5: Note Taking5minWritingListingGuide pupils in taking notesTake down notesConsolidation of learning
Step 6: Evaluation3minQuestion & AnswerAssessmentAsk questions related to the lessonAnswer questionsAssessing understanding
Step 7: Conclusion2minSummaryRecapSummarize the key points of the lessonListen and ask any remaining questionsClosure of the lesson

Classroom Note:

– Concept of Swimming

Swimming is moving through water using your arms and legs. It can be a fun activity, a competitive sport, or a way to stay safe around water.

– Preliminary skills in swimming

  1. Floating: Floating is the ability to lie on the water without sinking. Floating helps us feel comfortable in the water and is a safety skill that can help us rest if we feel tired while swimming.
  2. Kicking: Kicking involves moving the legs in a certain way to propel the body forward in the water. This skill helps build the leg strength necessary for effective swimming.
  3. Gliding: Gliding teaches balance and movement in the water. This skill is essential for understanding how to move smoothly through the water.
  4. Breathing: Proper breathing technique is crucial in swimming to ensure the swimmer can stay in the water longer and more comfortably.
  5. Arm Strokes: Basic arm strokes, such as the dog paddle or the basic freestyle (front crawl) arm action. Arm strokes are used to pull the water and propel the body forward.

Questions for Evaluation:

  1. What is swimming?
  2. Can you name two preliminary skills in swimming and describe them?
  3. Why is swimming considered an important skill?

Note to Teachers:

Adapt the teaching methods and pupil activities based on the resources available and the pupils’ learning pace. Encourage participation by relating the lesson content to the pupils’ personal experiences with water.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: March 22, 2024