Term: 1st Term

Week: 5

Class: Basic 2

Age: 8 years

Duration: 45 minutes


Curriculum Theme: Security Education 

Subject: National Value Education 

Topic: Source Of Danger And Insecurity 

Content: Food poisoning: Causes, effects
and prevention

Specific Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to:

  1. Explain the meaning of food poisoning.
  2. Discuss the causes, effects, and prevention of food poisoning.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge: Basic understanding of food and its role in health.

Rationale for the Lesson: This lesson aims to educate young learners about the potential dangers related to food consumption, focusing on food poisoning. It’s essential to help them understand the concept, causes, effects, and preventive measures to ensure their well-being.

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of contaminated food
  • Chart on food poisoning causes
  • Visual aids for prevention
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Handouts on prevention
  • Sample contaminated food (optional)


Content Development: Food Poisoning: Causes, Effects, and Prevention

Content (Step 1, 2, 3, etc.)TimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Step 1: Introduction5 minsDiscussion– Greet pupils.
-Explain the importance of the lesson.
– Respond to greetings.
-Listen attentively.
Step 2: What is Food Poisoning?10 minsStorytelling– Share a simple story about eating spoiled food.
-Define food poisoning as getting sick from eating bad food.
– Listen to the story.
-Repeat the definition.
Step 3: Causes of Food Poisoning10 minsGroup Activity– Present a chart on causes (e.g., germs, spoiled food).– Discuss causes in groups.
Step 4: Effects of Food Poisoning5 minsDiscussion– Discuss common effects (e.g., stomachache, vomiting).– Share thoughts on effects.
Step 5: Prevention of Food Poisoning5 minsVisual Aids– Use visuals to explain safety practices (e.g., wash hands, store food properly).– Identify safe practices.
Step 6: Evaluation5 minsQuestion and Answer– Ask questions related to the lesson (e.g., “What is food poisoning?”).– Answer questions individually.
Step 7: Note Copying5 minsWriting– Provide key points to copy in notebooks.– Copy the notes.

Note :

What is food poisoning?

Food poisoning happens when we eat bad or spoiled food. It can make us sick.

Effects of food poisoning

1. Stomachache

2. Vomiting

3. Diarrhea

Ways of preventing food poisoning

  1. We should always wash our hands before eating
  2. We should always keep our food clean
  3. We should never eat food that looks or smells bad.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is food poisoning?
  2. Can you name one cause of food poisoning?
  3. Mention one effect of food poisoning.
  4. How can we prevent food poisoning?

Teaching Aids for the Lesson:

  • Pictures of contaminated food
  • Chart on food poisoning causes
  • Visual aids for prevention

NOTE TO TEACHERS: Please note that the actual content of the lesson, teaching methods, and pupil activities may vary based on your specific teaching style and curriculum or resources. Feel free to customize the lesson note to fit your needs.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: September 11, 2023