Term: 1st Term

Week: 4

Class: Basic 2

Age: 8 years

Duration: 45 minutes


Curriculum Theme: Security Education 

Subject: National Value Education 

Topic: Source Of Danger And Insecurity 

Content: Fire outbreak: Causes, effects and prevention m. The use of extinguisher

Specific Objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to:

  1. Explain the meaning of a fire outbreak, its causes, and its effects.
  2. List two possible causes of a fire outbreak, explain how to avoid it, and what to do during an outbreak.
  3. List two uses of a fire extinguisher.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge: Basic understanding of safety and danger concepts.

Rationale for the Lesson: This lesson aims to teach pupils about fire safety, which is essential for their well-being and the safety of their surroundings. Understanding fire causes, effects, prevention, and the use of a fire extinguisher helps pupils become responsible and informed individuals.

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures depicting fire safety
  • A model or picture of a fire extinguisher
  • A chart showing fire causes and prevention
  • Storybook with fire safety content
  • Handout on what to do during a fire outbreak


Content Development: Fire Outbreak – Causes, Effects, Prevention, and Use of Extinguisher

Content (Step 1, 2, 3, etc.)TimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Step 1: Introduction5 minsDiscussion– Greet pupils.
-Discuss the importance of fire safety.
– Respond to greetings.
-Listen attentively.
Step 2: What is a Fire Outbreak?5 minsStorytelling– Share a story about a fire outbreak.
-Define a fire outbreak as when fire starts where it shouldn’t, and it can be dangerous.
– Listen to the story.
-Repeat the definition.
Step 3: Causes of Fire Outbreak10 minsGroup Activity– Show a chart of fire causes.
-Emphasize common causes (e.g., matches, electrical faults).
– Discuss causes in groups.
-Identify causes in groups.
Step 4: Prevention and Safety Measures5 minsDiscussion/Role-play– Discuss prevention (e.g., don’t play with matches, don’t touch electrical wires).– Act out safety measures.
Step 5: Use of a Fire Extinguisher5 minsDemonstration– Show a model or picture of a fire extinguisher.
-Explain that a fire extinguisher is a tool to put out small fires.
– Observe the demonstration.
-Pay attention to the explanation.
Step 6: What to Do During a Fire Outbreak5 minsStorytelling– Share a story about staying safe during a fire outbreak.– Listen to the story.
Step 7: Evaluation5 minsQuestion and Answer– Ask questions related to the lesson (e.g., “What is a fire outbreak?”).– Answer questions individually.
Step 8: Note Copying5 minsWriting– Provide key points to copy in notebooks.– Copy the notes.


What is a fire outbreak?

A fire outbreak can be defined as when there is a sudden and uncontrolled fire that can spread very quickly.

Causes of Fire Outbreak

1. Matches and lighter

2. Electrical problems

3. Candles and stoves

4. Carelessness

5. Playing with fire

Uses of a fire extinguisher

1. Putting out fires

2. Stopping fires easily

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is a fire outbreak?
  2. Name two common causes of a fire outbreak.
  3. How can you prevent a fire outbreak?
  4. What is a fire extinguisher used for?
  5. What should you do if there’s a fire outbreak?

Teaching Aids for the Lesson:

  • Pictures depicting fire safety
  • Model or picture of a fire extinguisher
  • Chart showing fire causes and prevention
  • Storybook with fire safety content
  • Handout on what to do during a fire outbreak

NOTE TO TEACHERS: Please note that the actual content of the lesson, teaching methods, and pupil activities may vary based on your specific teaching style and curriculum or resources. Feel free to customize the lesson note to fit your needs. 


Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: September 11, 2023