Class: Primary 1

Term: 1st Term

Week: 2

Age: 6 years

Duration: 45 minutes


Subject: Basic Science & Technology

Curriculum Theme: Basic Technology 

Topic: Simple Machines in the school

Specific Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to:

  • Identify simple machines in the school

Instructional Materials:

  • Chart paper
  • Pictures of simple machines
  • Real-life examples of simple machines
  • Worksheet
  • Pencils

Instructional Procedures:

Content Development: Simple Machines in the School

TimeContentTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
5 minutesIntroductionDiscussionAsk pupils if they know what simple machines are.Pupils respond and share their ideas.
10 minutesDefinition of simple machinesLectureExplain that simple machines are tools that make work easier.Listen attentively and take notes.
10 minutesExamples of simple machines in the schoolVisual AidShow pictures and real-life examples of simple machines in the school (e.g., lever, wheel and axle, pulley).Observe and identify the simple machines shown.
10 minutesIdentifying simple machines in the schoolGroup ActivityDivide pupils into small groups. Take them on a tour around the school to identify simple machines.Work in groups, identify and list simple machines found in the school.
5 minutesDiscussion and evaluationQuestion and AnswerDiscuss the findings as a whole class. Evaluate pupils’ understanding of simple machines.Answer questions and participate in the class discussion.
5 minutesEvaluationWorksheetDistribute worksheets to pupils to assess their knowledge on simple machines.Complete the worksheet individually.
5 minutesNote copyingNotebookAllow pupils to copy the important note from the lesson onto their notebooks.Copy the note into your notebook.


Simple machines are tools that make work easier.

Some simple Machines in the school:

  • Pulley: blinds, flag poles.
  • Lever: see saw, pry bar, toilet handle, crowbars, wheelbarrows, bottle openers, stapler, toilet handle and nail clippers
  • Wedge: scissors, screw, a knife, nail, needle, staple pins.
  • Wheel and axle: office chairs, electric fan, merry-go-round, steering wheels in cars and tap/faucet knobs.
  • Inclined Plane: Slide, Ladder

Evaluation Questions:

Ask the following questions to evaluate the lesson

  1. What is a simple machine?
  2. Give two examples of simple machines in the school.

Teaching Aids:

  • Chart paper
  • Pictures of simple machines
  • Real-life examples of simple machines
  • Worksheet
  • Pencils

Note to Teachers:

Please note that the actual content of the lesson, teaching methods, and pupil activities may vary based on your specific teaching style and curriculum or resources. Feel free to customize the lesson note to fit your needs.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: August 28, 2023