Class: Primary 1

Term: 2nd Term

Week: 1

Age: 6 years

Duration: 45 minutes


Subject: Basic Science and Technology 

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: Simple Machines.

Content: Meaning of simple machines.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Describe simple machines.
  2. Identify some simple machines.

Instructional Materials:

  1. Real-life Objects: Bring in various real-life objects that contain simple machines such as levers, pulleys, wheels and axles, inclined planes, wedges, and screws. This can include items like a seesaw, bicycle, doorstop, wheelbarrow, and screwdriver. Allow students to observe and interact with these objects.
  2. Models and Diagrams: Use models and diagrams to visually represent different types of simple machines. This can include 3D models of levers, pulleys, inclined planes, and other simple machines, as well as labeled diagrams that illustrate how these machines work.
  3. Pictures and Posters: Display pictures and posters depicting different simple machines and their applications in everyday life. Choose visuals that are age-appropriate and relatable to the students, showing simple machines they may encounter in their homes, playgrounds, or community.
  4. Videos and Animations: Show educational videos or animations that explain the concept of simple machines and demonstrate how they work. Look for engaging videos that present examples and explanations in a fun and interactive manner.
  5. Interactive Websites or Apps: Explore interactive websites or apps that allow students to virtually interact with and manipulate virtual simple machines. These digital resources can provide a hands-on experience and further reinforce their understanding.
  6. Books or Storybooks: Provide age-appropriate books or storybooks that introduce the concept of simple machines in an engaging narrative format. Look for books that present examples of simple machines in familiar contexts or tell stories where characters use simple machines to solve problems.


Content Development: Meaning of simple machines.

TimeContentTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
5 minsIntroductionDiscussion– Greet the pupils and engage in a brief conversation about objects they use daily.
– Introduce the topic of simple machines.
– Greet the teacher and listen attentively.
– Participate in the conversation about daily objects.
10 minsMeaning of Simple MachinesExplanation– Define simple machines as tools that make work easier.
– Give examples of simple machines (e.g., lever, pulley, wheel and axle, etc.).
– Listen carefully to the teacher’s explanation.
– Take notes on the meaning of simple machines and examples given.
15 minsIdentifying Simple MachinesDemonstration– Show pictures or real-life examples of simple machines.
– Discuss and explain how each simple machine works.
– Encourage pupils to identify simple machines in their surroundings.
– Observe the pictures or real-life examples of simple machines.
– Participate in the discussion and ask questions.
– Try to identify simple machines they encounter daily.
10 minsEvaluationQuestion and Answer– Ask questions related to the lesson content to assess pupils’ understanding.
– Provide feedback and explanations for incorrect answers.
– Answer the teacher’s questions to the best of their ability.
– Listen to the feedback and explanations given.
5 minsNote CopyingCopying– Provide a summarized note on simple machines for pupils to copy into their notebooks.– Copy the note on simple machines into their notebooks


What are Simple Machines?

Simple machines are tools that help us do work with less effort.

Examples of simple machines

  1. Wheelbarrows
  2. Scissors
  3. Hammer
  4. ladder
  5. bottle opener


Ask the following questions to evaluate the lesson.

  1. What are simple machines?
  2. Give an example of a simple machine you encounter in your daily life.
  3. How do simple machines make work easier?

Teacher’s Aide:

  1. Prepare visual aids: Create posters or flashcards with pictures and labels of different simple machines. This will help students visualize and remember the examples discussed during the lesson.
  2. Collect objects: Gather a variety of objects that contain simple machines, such as scissors, ramps, wheels, and levers. These objects can be used during the group activity for students to identify and discuss the simple machines present in them.
  3. Demonstration materials: Prepare materials for demonstrations of how simple machines work. For example, you can use a lever to show how it can lift objects with less effort. A pulley system can demonstrate how it can help in lifting heavy loads.
  4. Interactive learning: Incorporate hands-on activities, such as building a simple machine model using craft materials, to engage students actively in the lesson. This will allow them to understand the components and functions of different simple machines better.
  5. Worksheets or coloring sheets: Provide worksheets or coloring sheets related to simple machines for students to complete as independent practice or reinforcement. These can include labeling different types of simple machines or matching objects to their corresponding simple machines.
  6. Real-life examples: Encourage students to bring in objects from home that contain simple machines. This will promote their observation skills and allow for further discussion and exploration during the lesson.


Please note that the actual content of the lesson, teaching methods, and pupil activities may vary based on your specific teaching style, curriculum, or resources. Feel free to customize the lesson note to fit your needs.

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Lesson Notes,

Last Update: August 25, 2023