• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 3
  • Age: 8 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: National Values Education
  • Curriculum Theme: Social Studies
  • Topic: Road Accident
  • Content: Concept, causes, and effects of road accident

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain: Define the concept of road accidents and identify two causes and two effects.
  • Affective Domain: Understand the emotional impact of road accidents on individuals and communities.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Demonstrate understanding through class discussions and group activities.
  • Social Domain: Collaborate with peers to discuss and share thoughts on road safety.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures/videos of road accidents (age-appropriate)
  • Charts or diagrams illustrating causes and effects
  • Chalkboard/whiteboard and markers
  • Worksheets for group activities

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the concept, causes, and effects of road accidents is crucial for promoting road safety and developing responsible citizens.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students should have basic knowledge of road safety rules and general awareness of their surroundings.


Content Development: Road Accident

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Introduction5 minsDiscussionQuestion and AnswerGuide pupils to discuss their understanding of road accidents.Participate in the discussion, sharing thoughts and experiences.Understand what road accidents are and their significance.
Concept of Road Accident5 minsExplanationVisual AidsUse pictures/videos to explain the concept of road accidents.Observe and ask questions about the visuals.Define road accidents and recognize them visually.
LCauses of Road Accident 5 minsDiscussionGroup ActivityFacilitate a group activity where students list causes of road accidents.Work in groups to identify and discuss causes.Identify at least two common causes of road accidents.
Effects of Road Accident 5 minsDiscussionGroup SharingGuide groups to share their identified effects with the class.Present findings to the class, discussing effects collaboratively.Identify at least two common effects of road accidents.
Emotional Impact 5 minsStorytellingClass DiscussionShare a relevant story highlighting the emotional impact of road accidents.Engage in a discussion about emotions associated with road accidents.Understand the emotional aspects related to road accidents.
Group Activity 5 minsGroup WorkCollaborationAssign groups a scenario related to road safety; ask them to discuss solutions.Work collaboratively in groups to come up with solutions.Demonstrate collaborative problem-solving skills.
Note Taking 5 minsWriting Note MakingProvide a summary of key points for note-taking.Take notes in their notebooks based on the provided summary.Consolidate important information in their notes.
Evaluation 2 minsQuestion and AnswerCritical ThinkingAsk questions related to causes, effects, and emotional impact.Respond to questions, applying critical thinking skills.Assess understanding of the lesson content.
Conclusion 3 minsRecapReflectionSummarize the lesson and encourage reflection on road safety.Share reflections on what they’ve learned about road accidents.Reinforce the importance of road safety awareness.

Classroom Note:

Road Accident

Road accident refers to an unexpected and undesirable event that occurs on the road involving vehicles, pedestrians, or a combination of both.

Causes Of Road Accident:

  1. Speeding: Driving at speeds higher than recommended increases the risk of accidents as it reduces reaction time.
  2. Distracted Driving: Activities like texting, talking on the phone, or adjusting the radio divert attention from the road.
  3. Drunk Driving: Consuming alcohol impairs judgment and coordination, significantly increasing the likelihood of accidents.
  4. Poor Road Conditions: Potholes, uneven surfaces, or lack of proper signage can contribute to accidents.
  5. Reckless Overtaking: Attempting to pass other vehicles without proper judgment can lead to collisions.

Effects of Road Accidents:

  1. Injuries and Fatalities: Road accidents often result in injuries ranging from minor cuts to severe trauma, and in some cases, they can be fatal.
  2. Vehicle Damage: Collisions can cause significant damage to vehicles, leading to repair expenses or total loss.
  3. Emotional Distress: Those involved in or witnessing road accidents may experience emotional trauma and stress.
  4. Traffic Disruption: Accidents can cause traffic congestion and delays as emergency services respond to the situation.
  5. Economic Impact: Road accidents have financial consequences, including medical expenses, repairs, and the overall economic burden on society.


  1. List two causes of road accidents.
  2. Explain the emotional impact of road accidents.
  3. Mention one way to contribute to road safety.

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: January 10, 2024