Class: Primary 5

Term: 1st Term

Week: 3

Age: 10 years

Period:

Duration: 40 minutes

Date:

Subject: Basic Science And Technology

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: POLLUTION

Content:

  • Types of Pollution: (i) Air (ii) Water (iii) Water Pollution
  • Effects and control of air and water pollution

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Define pollution.
  2. State the three types of pollution and their individual meaning.
  3. List 5 effects of air pollution and 5 ways to control air pollution.
  4. List 5 effects of water pollution and 5 ways to control water pollution.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Visual aids for air and water pollution
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Chalk and chalkboard
  • Projector and screen (if available)
  • Pen and paper for note-taking
  • Models or props for demonstrating pollution control measures

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding pollution and its effects is vital for environmental awareness and conservation. It enables us to take steps to prevent further environmental degradation and ensure a healthy living environment.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students are expected to have a basic understanding of their environment and the concept of pollution.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES:

Content Development: Pollution

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction5 minsDiscussion– Discuss with pupils what they understand by the term “pollution.”Participate in the discussion.
– Introduce the lesson’s topic: “Types of Pollution and Their Effects.”
Types of Pollution5 minsLecture– Explain the three types of pollution: Air, Land, and Water Pollution.Listen and take notes.
Discussion– Discuss each type briefly and their meanings.Discuss the meanings.
Effects of Air Pollution5 minsLecture– Explain the effects of air pollution and discuss the importance of clean air.Listen and take notes.
Discussion– Encourage students to share their observations and thoughts on air pollution.Discuss the effects.
Control of Air Pollution5 minsDiscussion– Discuss control measures for air pollution, such as reducing emissions and planting trees.Participate in the discussion.
Effects of Water Pollution5 minsLecture– Explain the effects of water pollution and discuss the importance of clean water.Listen and take notes.
Discussion– Encourage students to share their observations and thoughts on water pollution.Discuss the effects.
Control of Water Pollution5 minsDiscussion– Discuss control measures for water pollution, including proper disposal of waste and protecting water sources.Participate in the discussion.
Note taking5 minsNote-Taking– Have students take notes on the types, effects, and control of air and water pollution.Take notes on the topic.
Evaluation5 minsQuestion and Answer– Ask pupils questions to assess their understanding.Respond to questions.
Conclusion5 minsRecap– Summarize the key points about pollution and its control measures.Participate in the recap.

Note to Pupils:

Pollution: Pollution is the contamination of the environment by harmful substances or activities.

Types of Pollution: There are three types of pollution: Air, Land, and Water Pollution.

Effects of Air Pollution: Air pollution can lead to health problems, smog, acid rain, global warming, and damage to the ozone layer.

Ways to Control Air Pollution:

  1. Reduce emissions from vehicles and industries.
  2. Plant trees to improve air quality.
  3. Use clean energy sources.
  4. Promote public transport and carpooling.
  5. Implement laws and regulations on emissions.

Effects of Water Pollution: Water pollution can lead to waterborne diseases, harm aquatic life, and affect drinking water quality.

Ways to Control Water Pollution:

  1. Properly dispose of waste.
  2. Protect water sources from pollution.
  3. Use environmentally friendly products.
  4. Promote recycling and waste reduction.
  5. Enforce laws on water pollution.

Evaluation:

  1. Define pollution.
  2. List the three types of pollution and their meanings.
  3. Name 3 effects of air pollution and their significance.
  4. List 3 ways to control air pollution.
  5. Name 3 effects of water pollution and their significance.
  6. List 3 ways to control water pollution.

Note to Teachers:
Customize the teaching methods and activities based on your curriculum, resources, and students’ needs. Ensure active student participation and engagement throughout the lesson.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: October 24, 2023