• Class: Primary 6
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 5
  • Age: 12 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: National Values Education
  • Curriculum Theme: Security Education
  • Topic: Personal Security Management


  • Crimes on bad food products and fraud.

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive domain: Explain the types of crimes related to bad food products and fraud.
  • Affective domain: Understand the impact of bad food production on health and the importance of severe punishment for fraud.
  • Psychomotor domain: Demonstrate ways to identify and prevent bad food production.
  • Social Domain: Discuss the collaborative effort needed to combat fraud.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures and examples of bad food products
  • Charts or flashcards with information on fraud
  • Worksheet for pupils
  • Whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding crimes related to bad food products and fraud is crucial for personal security, and pupils need to be aware of the importance of preventing and reporting such crimes.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Pupils should have a basic understanding of the concept of security and personal safety.


Content Development: Crimes on bad food products and fraud

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeachers ActivityPupils ActivityLearning Point
Introduction5 minsQuestion and AnswerBrainstorming/Set InductionAsk pupils if they have heard of crimes related to bad food products and fraud.Pupils share their ideas and experiences.Establishing prior knowledge.
Types of Crimes7 minsLectureExplanationExplain the different types of crimes related to bad food products and fraud.Listen attentively and take notes.Understanding the various crimes.
Impact of Bad Food Production5 minsDiscussionGroup DiscussionDiscuss the effects of bad food production on health, especially in infants and growing children.Participate in group discussions and share ideas.Understanding the health impact.
Prevention of Bad Food Production7 minsDemonstrationDemonstrationDemonstrate how to identify and prevent bad food production.Observe the demonstration and ask questions.Learning preventive measures.
Importance of Severe Punishment5 minsGroup ActivityGroup DiscussionDiscuss the reasons why fraudulence acts should be punished severely by law.Engage in group discussions and present their findings.Understanding the importance of severe punishment.
Note Taking6 minsNote TakingDirect InstructionProvide a note summarizing key points on bad food production and fraud.Copy the note into their notebooks.Key information for future reference.
Evaluation3 minsQuestion and AnswerQuizAsk questions related to the topic to assess pupils’ comprehension.Respond to questions and participate in the quiz.Assessing understanding.
Conclusion2 minsRecapDiscussionSummarize key points and emphasize the importance of personal security.Engage in a brief discussion on the lesson.Reinforcing key concepts.

Classroom Note:

Crimes on Bad Food Products and Fraud

These refer to illegal activities related to the production and distribution of harmful food and fraudulent acts. It is important to be aware of these crimes for personal security.

Crimes Related to Bad Food Products Includes:

  1. Food Adulteration: Adding harmful substances to food to increase quantity or mask quality.
  2. Mislabeling: Providing false information on food labels regarding ingredients or nutritional content.
  3. Expired Product Sales: Selling food products beyond their expiration date, risking consumer health.
  4. Contaminated Food Production: Allowing the production of food in unsanitary conditions leading to health hazards.
  5. Counterfeit Brands: Producing fake replicas of well-known food brands with inferior quality.

Impact of Bad Food Production

Contaminated food can lead to severe health issues, especially in infants and growing children. Some examples of health issues include:

  1. Food Poisoning: Contaminated food can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach cramps.
  2. Malnutrition: Inadequate nutrients in food can hinder growth and development.
  3. Developmental Delays: Certain contaminants may lead to delays in speech and motor skills.
  4. Allergic Reactions: Food contaminants can trigger mild to severe allergic responses.
  5. Impaired Immune System: Harmful substances weaken the immune system.
  6. Digestive Disorders: Contaminated food may cause gastrointestinal issues.
  7. Chronic Illnesses: Long-term exposure can contribute to diseases like diabetes.
  8. Neurological Issues: Some contaminants may impact the nervous system.

Prevention of Bad Food Production

The following are ways by which we can curb and prevent bad food production.

  • Vigilance: Consumers should be vigilant in identifying bad food products.
  • Alert Authorities: Report suspicious activities to relevant authorities.
  • Quality Control: Implement strict quality control measures during food production.
  • Hygiene Practices: Enforce proper hygiene among food handlers to prevent contamination.
  • Regular Inspections: Conduct regular inspections of production facilities for cleanliness and adherence to safety standards.
  • Training Programs: Provide training for food handlers on hygiene practices and safe food production.
  • Traceability Systems: Establish traceability systems to track the source of food products and identify potential issues.
  • Storage Conditions: Ensure proper storage conditions to prevent the growth of harmful microorganisms.
  • Education Campaigns: Educate consumers about identifying and avoiding unsafe food products.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Adhere to and enforce food safety regulations and standards.

Importance of Severe Punishment for Fraud:

  • Severe punishment deters individuals from engaging in fraudulent acts.
  • It ensures justice and protects the well-being of the society.


  1. Mention two types of crimes related to bad food products.
  2. List 3 impacts of bad food production on health.
  3. Why is severe punishment important for fraud?

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: January 21, 2024