• Class: Primary 4
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 9
  • Age: 9 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: Basic Science Technology
  • Curriculum Theme: Physical And Health Education
  • Topic: Personal Hygiene
  • Content: Care Of The Teeth

Specific Objectives:

  • Cognitive Domain: Identify the steps in caring for the teeth.
  • Affective Domain: Show appreciation for good dental hygiene practices.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Demonstrate proper tooth brushing techniques.
  • Social Domain: Discuss the social impact of maintaining good dental hygiene.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Toothbrush and toothpaste models
  • Dental health posters
  • Video demonstration of proper tooth brushing

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the importance of dental hygiene is crucial for maintaining overall health and preventing dental diseases. This lesson aims to instill good dental care habits in students from a young age.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Familiarity with basic personal hygiene practices.

Content Development: Care Of The Teeth

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupil’s ActivityLearning Point
Introduction to Dental Hygiene5 minLectureInteractive DiscussionExplain the importance of dental hygiene.Listen and ask questions.Importance of dental health.
Steps in Caring for Teeth10 minDemonstrationGuided PracticeShow video on tooth brushing techniques.Observe and identify steps.How to properly brush teeth.
Importance of Dental Hygiene10 minGroup DiscussionInquiry-Based LearningGuide discussion on why dental care is important.Participate in group discussion.Social and health benefits of dental care.
Practical Demonstration5 minHands-On ActivityRole-PlayingDemonstrate proper tooth brushing.Practice brushing on models.Practicing good dental hygiene.
Note Taking5 minWritingInformation TransferInstruct on note-taking.Write notes in books.Key points on dental care.
Evaluation2 minQ&AAssessmentAsk questions about the lesson.Answer questions.Understanding of dental care.
Conclusion3 minSummaryRecapitulationSummarize key points of the lesson.Listen and understand.Reinforcement of dental care knowledge.

Classroom Note:

Care Of The Teeth

  • How to Care for the Teeth:
  1. Brush your teeth twice a day using a fluoride toothpaste.
  2. Use dental floss daily to remove plaque and food particles.
  3. Rinse with mouthwash to kill bacteria and freshen breath.
  4. Eat a balanced diet and limit sugary snacks.
  5. Visit the dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings.

Importance of Caring for the Teeth:

  1. Prevents tooth decay and gum disease.
  2. Avoids bad breath, improving social interactions.
  3. Reduces the risk of heart disease linked to oral bacteria.
  4. Helps maintain strong teeth for eating and speaking properly.
  5. Boosts overall health and self-esteem.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. List three steps in caring for your teeth.
  2. Why is it important to visit the dentist regularly?
  3. How does taking care of your teeth help in social situations?

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson to suit the needs and level of understanding of your pupils. The practical demonstration can be more effective with actual dental models. Encourage active participation and tailor the discussion to their experiences.