• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 3
  • Age: 8 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: National Values Education
  • Curriculum Theme: Civic Education
  • Topic: National Flag And The Coat Of Arm
  • Content: Meaning And Significance of National Flag And The Coat Of Arm

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive domain: Define the National Flag and the Coat of Arm.
  • Affective domain: Appreciate the significance of the National Flag and the Coat of Arm.
  • Psychomotor domain: Identify the elements of the National Flag and the Coat of Arm.
  • Social Domain: Participate in group discussions about national symbols.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • National Flag
  • Pictures of the Coat of Arm
  • Charts or diagrams explaining symbols
  • Textbooks
  • Whiteboard and markers

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the national flag and coat of arms is crucial for fostering patriotism and a sense of national identity among pupils.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students should have a basic understanding of symbols and their meanings.


Content Development: National Flag And The Coat Of Arm

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Introduction 5 minsDiscussionQuestion and AnswerInitiate a discussion about symbols and ask if students know what the national flag and coat of arms represent.Respond to questions and share their thoughts.Understanding the importance of national symbols.
National Flag10 minsExplanationStorytellingTell a story about the creation of the national flag. Discuss its colors, symbols, and what each represents.Listen attentively and ask questions.Define the National Flag and list its significance.
Significance of national flag 5 minsDiscussionGroup DiscussionDivide the class into groups and ask them to discuss the importance of the national flag in unity and identity.Participate in group discussions.Appreciating the significance of the National Flag.
Coat of Arm 10 minsDemonstrationVisual AidsDisplay pictures of the Coat of Arm, explaining each element and its significance.Observe and ask questions.Define the Coat of Arm and list its significance.
Significance of the coat of arm 5 minsGroup ActivityDrawing ActivityHave students draw the national flag and coat of arms, emphasizing key elements.Engage in drawing and coloring activities.Identifying elements of the National Flag and Coat of Arm.
Note taking 5 minsWriting Guided Note-takingProvide key points for note-taking on the board, emphasizing definitions and significances.Take notes in their notebooks.Documenting key information about national symbols.
Evaluation 2 minsQuestion and AnswerQuizConduct a short quiz about the national flag and coat of arms. Ask questions related to definitions and significances.Respond to quiz questions.Assessing comprehension and recall of the lesson.
Conclusion 3 minsRecapReflectionSummarize the lesson, highlighting the importance of national symbols in unity and identity.Share what they’ve learned.Reinforcing the significance of national symbols.

Classroom Note:

National Flag:

The national flag is a distinctive symbol that represents our country. It typically consists of various colors, shapes, and symbols arranged in a specific design.


  1. Represents unity and patriotism.
  2. Identifies our nation globally.
  3. Represents our national identity
  4. Symbolises freedom

Coat Of Arm

The coat of arms is a unique emblem or heraldic design that symbolizes the identity, authority, and values of a country or institution. It often consists of various elements such as shields, crests, supporters, and mottos, each holding specific meaning and significance.

  • Represents the sovereignty of the nation.
  • Reflects our cultural heritage.
  • Unity And Diversity
  • Cultural heritage


  1. Define the National Flag.
  2. List two significances of the National Flag.
  3. Define the Coat of Arm.
  4. List two significances of the Coat of Arm.

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: January 11, 2024