• Class: Primary 2
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 8
  • Age: 7 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: Basic Science Technology
  • Curriculum Theme: Basic Science
  • Topic: Mechanical Gadgets (Simple Machines)
  • Content:Definition and importance of simple machines

Specific Objectives:

  • Cognitive domain: Students will be able to define simple machines and describe their uses.
  • Affective domain: Students will develop an appreciation for the role of simple machines in everyday life.
  • Psychomotor domain: Students will identify examples of simple machines in the classroom.
  • Social domain: Students will work in groups to discuss how simple machines make work easier.

Reference Materials:

  • 9–Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of Work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of simple machines
  • Real-life examples of simple machines (e.g., scissors, wheels)
  • Video clips demonstrating simple machines at work

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding simple machines helps students appreciate the science behind everyday tools and inspires curiosity about how things work, enhancing problem-solving skills in daily life.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students should be familiar with common tools and basic functions, such as cutting with scissors or moving objects with wheels.

Instructional Procedures:

Content Development: Mechanical Gadgets (Simple Machines)

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupil’s ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction to Simple Machines5 minLectureDirect InstructionIntroduce the concept of simple machines.Listen and respond to questions.Understanding what simple machines are.
Step 2: Explanation of Importance10 minDiscussionInquiry-based LearningExplain the importance and uses of simple machines.Participate in discussing how simple machines help us.Recognize how simple machines aid in daily life.
Step 3: Identification Activity10 minHands-onLearning by DoingShow various examples of simple machines.Identify and categorize the simple machines.Relate real-life objects to simple machines.
Step 4: Group Discussion10 minGroup WorkCooperative LearningFacilitate discussions on the usage of simple machines in groups.Discuss in groups and share findings.Enhance communication and collaborative skills.
Step 5: Conclusion and Recap5 minQuestion & AnswerReviewRecap the lesson and clarify doubts.Ask and answer questions.Reinforce the lesson’s key points.

Classroom Note:

Definition Of Simple Machines:


Simple machines are tools that make our work easier. They include levers, wheels, pulleys, inclined planes, screws, and wedges.

Importance of Simple Machines

  1. They reduce the effort needed to move objects.
  2. They help in lifting heavy loads.
  3. They allow us to move things over distances.
  4. They make tasks faster and more efficient.
  5. They are used in many tools that help in everyday life.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is a simple machine?
  2. Name three simple machines you use at home and state their uses.
  3. How do simple machines make our work easier?

Note to Teachers:

Adjust the complexity of explanations and activities based on the responsiveness of the class and available resources. Focus on engaging students with practical examples to enhance understanding and retention of the topic.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: April 16, 2024