Class: Primary 5

Term: 1st Term

Week: 2

Age: 10 years

Period:

Duration: 40 minutes

Date:

Subject: Basic Science And Technology

Curriculum Theme: Basic Technology

Topic: Materials & Maintenance

Content:

  • Types of materials (Wood)

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. List 5 types of wood, their uses, and examples.
  2. Classify 5 types of wood into hardwood and softwood.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Course Book
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks (List your relevant textbook here)

Instructional Materials:

  • Samples of different types of wood
  • Images or illustrations of wood types
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Chalk and chalkboard
  • Paper and pencils for note-taking

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the types of materials, particularly wood, is essential for various applications in daily life, such as construction and furniture making.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students are expected to have basic knowledge of common materials and their uses.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction5 minsDiscussion– Discuss the importance of knowing different types of materials.Participate in the discussion.
– Introduce the topic: “Types of Materials – Wood.”
Types of Materials5 minsLecture– Explain the concept of materials and their importance.Listen and take notes.
Discussion– Discuss various types of materials and their uses.Discuss the materials.
Types of Wood10 minsLecture– Present 8 types of wood, their uses, and examples.Listen and take notes.
Discussion– Engage students in a discussion about the examples given.Discuss the examples.
Classification5 minsDiscussion– Explain the concept of classifying wood into hardwood and softwood.Participate in the discussion.
– Discuss the characteristics of each classification.
Note taking5 minsNote-Taking– Take notes on the types of wood, their uses, and examples.Take notes on the topic.
Evaluation5 minsQuestion and Answer– Ask pupils questions to assess their understanding.Respond to questions.
Conclusion5 minsRecap– Summarize the key points about the types of wood and their classifications.Participate in the recap.

Note to Pupils:.

Types of wood: There are different types of wood used for various purposes. Some examples are:

  1. Oak – Used for furniture and flooring. Example: Oak dining table.
  2. Pine – Used for construction and making cabinets. Example: Pine bookshelf.
  3. Maple – Used for making musical instruments. Example: Maple violin.
  4. Cherry – Used for high-quality furniture. Example: Cherry-wood dresser.
  5. Mahogany – Used for boat building. Example: Mahogany sailing boat.
  6. Cedar – Used for making outdoor furniture. Example: Cedar garden bench.
  7. Birch – Used for plywood and furniture. Example: Birch plywood.
  8. Redwood – Used for outdoor decking. Example: Redwood deck.

Classification of wood: Wood can be classified into two categories: hardwood and softwood. Hardwood is typically denser and comes from deciduous trees, while softwood comes from coniferous trees.

Hardwood:

  1. Oak – Used for furniture and flooring. Example: Oak dining table.
  2. Maple – Used for making musical instruments. Example: Maple violin.
  3. Cherry – Used for high-quality furniture. Example: Cherrywood dresser.
  4. Mahogany – Used for boat building. Example: Mahogany sailing boat.

Softwood:

  1. Cedar – Used for making outdoor furniture. Example: Cedar garden bench.
  2. Birch – Used for plywood and furniture. Example: Birch plywood.
  3. Redwood – Used for outdoor decking. Example: Redwood deck
  4. Pine – Used for construction and making cabinets. Example: Pine bookshelf.

Evaluation:

  1. Why is it important to know different types of materials?
  2. Name three examples of wood types and their uses.
  3. What is the difference between hardwood and softwood?
  4. Classify oak and pine into either hardwood or softwood.
  5. Give an example of a product made from hardwood.

Note to Teachers:
Customize the teaching methods and activities based on your curriculum, resources, and students’ needs. Ensure active student participation and engagement throughout the lesson.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: October 27, 2023