• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 2
  • Age: 8 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: National Values Education
  • Curriculum Theme: Social Studies
  • Topic: Illness
  • Content: Causes And Prevention Of Illness

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain:
  • Identify and list two causes of illness.
  • Explain two prevention methods for illness.
  • Affective Domain:
  • Appreciate the importance of personal hygiene in preventing illness.
  • Psychomotor Domain:
  • Demonstrate proper handwashing technique.
  • Social Domain:
  • Participate in group discussions on causes and prevention of illness.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Chart paper
  • Markers
  • Pictures illustrating causes and prevention of illness
  • Handwashing station (if possible)
  • Worksheets

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the causes and prevention of illness is crucial for promoting a healthy lifestyle and reducing the risk of diseases in our community.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students should have basic knowledge of personal hygiene and health.


Content Development: Illness – Causes And Prevention

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Introduction 10 minsDiscussionQuestion and AnswerAsk students what they know about illness. Guide and initiate the class to list 2 causes and 2 prevention methods of illness.Engage in discussion and list causes and prevention methods on the chart paper.Identifying prior knowledge and understanding the importance of the lesson.
Causes of Illness 5 minsLectureExplanation and DiscussionProvide information on common causes of illness. Discuss and elaborate on each cause.Listen attentively, ask questions, and participate in discussions.Understanding various factors that can lead to illness.
Prevention of Illness 5 minsGroup ActivityCollaborative LearningDivide students into groups. Provide pictures illustrating prevention methods. Each group discusses and lists two prevention methods.Discuss within groups, list prevention methods on the chart paper.Understanding and appreciating preventive measures for illness.
Handwashing Demonstration 5 minsDemonstrationModelingDemonstrate proper handwashing technique emphasizing its role in preventing illness.Observe the demonstration and practice handwashing.Demonstrating and practicing proper handwashing technique.
Note taking 5 minsWriting Guided Note TakingProvide a summary of key points on causes and prevention of illness. Guide students in taking notes.Take notes on causes and prevention of illness.Summarizing essential information for future reference.
Group Discussion 5 minsGroup DiscussionCritical ThinkingInitiate a group discussion on the importance of personal hygiene in preventing illness.Engage in group discussions and share thoughts.Recognizing the importance of personal hygiene in health.
Conclusion 5 minsRecap and ReflectionReflective QuestioningSummarize the lesson, ask reflective questions like “What did we learn today?”Reflect on the lesson and share insights.Reinforcing key concepts and encouraging reflection.

Classroom Note:

Causes of Illness:

  1. Poor Hygiene:
    • Lack of regular handwashing and overall personal cleanliness can lead to the spread of germs and diseases.
  2. Contaminated Water:
    • Consuming water contaminated with harmful bacteria or viruses can cause various waterborne diseases.
  3. Inadequate Nutrition:
    • Lack of essential nutrients in the diet can weaken the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to illnesses.
  4. Airborne Pathogens:
    • Inhaling air containing infectious agents, such as viruses or bacteria, can lead to respiratory illnesses.
  5. Close Contact with Sick Individuals:
    • Being in close proximity to someone who is already sick increases the risk of contracting contagious diseases.

Prevention Of Illness:

  1. Practice Good Hygiene:
    • Regular hand washing, proper bathing, and maintaining overall cleanliness help prevent the spread of germs.
  2. Safe Drinking Water:
    • Consume clean and safe water. Boiling, filtering.
  3. Balanced Nutrition:
    • Maintain a well-balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals.
  4. Proper Ventilation:
    • Ensure good ventilation in living spaces to reduce the concentration of airborne pathogens.
  5. Social Distancing and Hygienic Practices:
    • Maintain a safe distance from sick individuals, and practice cough etiquette (covering mouth and nose).


  1. Name two causes of illness.
  2. List two prevention methods for illness.

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: January 10, 2024