• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 3
  • Age: 8 years
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Subject: National Value Education
  • Curriculum Theme: Social Studies
  • Previous Lesson: Leadership
  • Topic: How leaders are chosen
  • Content: Types of leaders, method of choosing leaders, reasons for having bad leaders

Performance Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive domain: Identify different types of leaders and explain various methods of choosing leaders.
  • Affective domain: Appreciate the importance of fair leader selection processes.
  • Psychomotor domain: Participate in a role-play to demonstrate how leaders are chosen.
  • Social Domain: Discuss why it is important to choose good leaders and identify behaviors of bad leadership.

Reference Materials:
The following resources were used in planning this lesson:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information from Selection of leaders – Mike Cardus
  • Relevant Textbooks

Instructional Materials:
The teacher will teach this lesson with the aid of:

  • Charts depicting different leadership types
  • Video clips showing different leader selection processes
  • Role-play scripts

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding how leaders are chosen is crucial for fostering a sense of fairness and responsibility. This knowledge empowers pupils to participate actively in their community’s leadership selection in the future and helps them understand the consequences of poor leadership choices.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Pupils are expected to know what a leader is, from the previous lesson on leadership.


Learning Area: How leaders are chosen

To deliver this lesson, the teacher will adopt the following steps:

Content DevelopmentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupil’s ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minDiscussionSet inductionIntroduce the topic by asking pupils to name some leadersRespond by naming leadersSetting the stage for learning about leadership selection
Step 2: Types of Leaders8 minLectureExplanationExplain different types of leaders (modern & traditional)Listen and take notesUnderstanding various leadership styles
Step 3: Choosing Leaders10 minInteractive demoRole-play, demonstrationDemonstrate election, appointment, and succession processesParticipate in role-playSeeing real-life methods of choosing leaders
Step 4: Reasons for Bad Leaders7 minDiscussionQuestion and AnswerDiscuss reasons for bad leadership such as corruption and lack of accountabilityContribute reasons known from discussions or TVReflecting on the impact of leadership
Step 5: Note taking5 minWritingSummarizationSummarize key points covered in the lessonWrite down summary notesReinforcing learned concepts
Step 6: Evaluation3 minOral questioningAssessmentAsk questions about the lesson contentAnswer questionsAssessing understanding
Step 7: Conclusion2 minRecapSummaryRecap the lesson, emphasizing the importance of good leadership selectionListen and ask final questionsConcluding the lesson’s learning outcomes

Classroom Note:

How Leaders Are Chosen

Types Of Leaders

Modern Leaders:

Modern leaders are leaders like presidents, prime ministers, and mayors who are elected by the people to lead countries, states, or cities. Modern leaders listen to different ideas and try to make sure everyone feels included and important.

Traditional Leaders:

Traditional leaders are leaders often chosen based on customs, traditions, or family lineage. They may lead communities or tribes and uphold cultural values. These leaders are often respected because of their wisdom and experience and might make decisions based on long-standing beliefs and practices rather than new ideas.

Methods of Choosing Leaders:

The following are methods for choosing leaders, they include;

  1. Election/Voting: People vote for candidates in elections to choose their leaders.
  2. Heritage: Leadership is passed down from one family member to another.
  3. Oracle/Divine Choice: Some leaders are chosen based on spiritual or divine signs.
  4. Appointment: Leaders are selected by others in high positions or through official processes.
  5. Consensus: Everyone in the community discusses and agrees on who should be the leader.
  6. Lottery: Leaders are chosen randomly from a group of candidates.
  7. Merit-based Selection: Leaders are chosen based on their skills, achievements, or performance.
  8. Seniority: The most senior members of the community or organization are given leadership roles.

Reasons for Having Bad Leaders

Sometimes, despite best intentions, communities end up with ineffective leaders. Some reasons why this happens includes;

  1. Rigging during Elections: Cheating in elections to change the result.
  2. Selling Votes: People trading their vote for money or favors.
  3. Corruption: Leaders using their power for personal gain instead of helping others.
  4. Hooliganism: Using violence or threats to influence or intimidate during elections.
  5. Lack of Suitable Candidates: No good options are available for leadership.
  6. Apathy Among Voters: People not caring or choosing not to vote.
  7. Manipulation of Public Opinion: Misleading information or propaganda sways voters unfairly.
  8. Uninformed Electorate: Voters not knowing enough about the candidates or issues.
  9. Nepotism and Favoritism: Leaders chosen based on personal relationships rather than merit.
  10. Ineffective Political Systems: Poor systems that don’t support good leadership choices or accountability.

Lesson Evaluation:

To evaluate the learning, the teacher asks pupils to:

  1. Name two types of leaders.
  2. Describe one method of how leaders are chosen.
  3. List two reasons why we sometimes have bad leaders.
  4. Explain why it is important to choose good leaders.

Note for teachers using my lesson plan:

Hi there, remember that I didn’t make this lesson plan with any particular class or teacher in mind and I tried as much as possible with my experience and expertise to deliver this plan in a standard and effective style utilizing the best strategy and methods. Nevertheless, you are free to customize the lesson content, teaching methods, timing, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, pupils’ comprehension, curriculum, and resources available to you. Happy teaching!

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: May 24, 2024