Class: Primary 1

Term: 1st Term

Week: 10

Age: 6 years

Duration: 45 minutes


Subject: National Values Education

Curriculum Theme: Civic Education


Content: Meaning of HIV/AIDS, Dangers of HIV/AIDS

Specific Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to:

  • Explain the meaning of HIV/AIDS
  • State the dangers of HIV/AIDS

Instructional Materials: 

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Chalk/Markers
  • Visual aids (pictures, diagrams)
  • Flashcards
  • Handouts/Worksheets


Content Development: Meaning of HIV/AIDS, Dangers of HIV/AIDS

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Step 1: Meaning of HIV/AIDS10 minutesDiscussionIntroduce the topic of HIV/AIDS
Explain that HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Define HIV/AIDS as a disease that weakens the immune system
Show visual aids to help students understand
Listen attentivelyParticipate in the discussionAsk questions for clarification
Step 2: Dangers of HIV/AIDS20 minutesLecture and DiscussionExplain the dangers of HIV/AIDS
Discuss how HIV is transmitted (e.g., through unprotected sex, sharing needles)Talk about the importance of prevention (e.g., using condoms, avoiding drug abuse)
Emphasize the need for regular testing and early medical care
Take notesParticipate in discussionsAsk questions for clarification
Evaluation10 minutesQuestion and AnswerAsk pupils questions to assess their understanding
Provide feedback and explanations
Respond to questionsDemonstrate understanding of the topic
Note Copying5 minutesWritingProvide a summary of the lesson’s key pointsInstruct pupils to copy the note into their notebooksWrite down the note in their notebooks


Meaning of HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS is a disease that can make people very sick. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a tiny germ that can get into our bodies and make us weak

Dangers of HIV/AIDS

  1. HIV/AIDS can make a person very sick and weak.
  2. HIV/AIDS can make it difficult for the body to fight off infections and diseases.
  3. HIV/AIDS can lead to serious health problems and even death if not properly managed.
  4. HIV/AIDS can be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
  5. HIV/AIDS can be spread through contact with infected blood, such as sharing needles or getting a blood transfusion with infected blood.


Ask the following questions to evaluate the lesson

  1. What does HIV stand for?
  2. How is HIV transmitted?
  3. Why is it important to prevent HIV/AIDS?

Teaching Aids

  • Visual aids (pictures, diagrams)
  • Flashcards
  • Handouts/Worksheets

Note to Teachers:

Please note that the actual content of the lesson, teaching methods, and pupil activities may vary based on your specific teaching style and curriculum or resources. Feel free to customize the lesson note to fit your needs

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: August 27, 2023