Class: Primary 1

Term: 3rd Term

Week: 3

Age: 6 years

Duration: 45 minutes


Subject: Basic Science and Technology 

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: Health And Hygiene

Content: Cleanliness & Care of the body

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Explain the concept of Health And Hygiene
  • Demonstrate how to wash hands, bathe, and brush their teeth
  • Mention 3 ways to care for nails, hair, footwear, clothes, and the skin.

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of clean and dirty hands, nails, hair, clothes, and skin
  • Water basin
  • Soap
  • Toothbrush
  • Towel
  • Visual aids (pictures and diagrams)
  • Whiteboard and markers

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Pupils should have a basic understanding of cleanliness and personal care.

Teaching children about health and hygiene is essential for their overall well-being. Understanding how to maintain personal cleanliness and care for their bodies will help prevent illnesses and promote good habits.


Content Development: Health And Hygiene – Cleanliness and Care of the Body

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeachers Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
Introduction5 minSet Induction– Greet the pupils– Respond to greetings
– Ask the pupils questions about ways the clean their body and environment.– Listen & Answer questions
Concept of Health and Hygiene5 minExplanation/ Planned repetition– Define health and hygiene– Listen and repeat
– Explain why health and hygiene are important– Ask questions if needed
Demonstrate Handwashing6 minDemonstration– Show how to properly wash hands with soap and water– Watch attentively
– Emphasize washing between fingers and under nails– Imitate the handwashing
Demonstrate Bathing6 minDemonstration– Explain the importance of bathing regularly– Watch and observe
– Demonstrate the steps of bathing, using visuals– Ask questions if needed
Demonstrate Tooth Brushing6 minDemonstration– Explain why brushing teeth is important– Pay close attention
– Show how to brush teeth properly– Imitate the tooth brushing
Discussion: Care of Nails, Hair, Footwear7 minDiscussion– Discuss the need to care for nails, hair, and footwear– Participate in the discussion
Clothes, and Skin– Guide pupils in listing ways to care for these– Share their thoughts
Evaluation5 minQuestion and Answer– Ask questions related to the lesson content– Respond to questions
– Allow pupils to answer and participate– Answer questions
Note Copying5 minNote Copying– Write down the summarized points in their notebooks– Copy notes


Health & Hygiene

Health and hygiene are important for staying healthy and feeling good.

Health means the state of well-being in body and mind.

Hygiene means clean habits that keep us healthy and prevent sickness.

Remember to wash your hands, bathe, and brush your teeth regularly. Take care of your nails, hair, clothes, and skin too. This will help you stay clean and healthy!

Ways to care for nails, hair, footwear, clothes, and the skin:


  1. Trim your nails regularly to keep them neat and prevent dirt buildup.
  2. Keep nails clean by washing them with soap and water.
  3. Avoid biting your nails to prevent infections.
  4. Use a nail brush to clean under your nails.


  1. Wash your hair regularly using shampoo to keep it clean and healthy.
  2. Comb your hair gently to prevent tangles and breakage.
  3. Avoid using excessive heat from styling tools to protect your hair.
  4. Eat a balanced diet to promote strong and shiny hair.


  1. Keep your shoes clean and dry to prevent odor and infections.
  2. Rotate your shoes to allow them to air out and reduce wear.
  3. Choose shoes that fit well to avoid discomfort and blisters.
  4. Wearing socks can help absorb sweat and keep your feet dry.


  1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day using fluoride toothpaste.
  2. Use a soft-bristle toothbrush and brush all surfaces of your teeth.
  3. Floss daily to clean between your teeth and remove food particles.
  4. Limit sugary foods and drinks to prevent tooth decay.


  1. Wash your clothes regularly to remove dirt and germs.
  2. Sort clothes by color and fabric to prevent damage during washing.
  3. Follow care labels on clothes for proper washing instructions.
  4. Fold or hang clothes neatly to keep them organized and wrinkle-free.


  1. Wash your face with a gentle cleanser to remove dirt and oil.
  2. Moisturize your skin to keep it soft and hydrated.
  3. Use sunscreen to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays.
  4. Avoid harsh soaps and products that may irritate your skin.

These practices help you stay clean, healthy, and comfortable!

Evaluation Questions:

  1. Why is it important to wash your hands?
  2. What are some ways to take care of your nails?
  3. How can you keep your hair clean and neat?
  4. Why should you brush your teeth every day?
  5. List three things you can do to keep your clothes clean.

Teaching Aids:

  • Pictures of clean and dirty hands, nails, hair, clothes, and skin
  • Water basin, soap, toothbrush, towel
  • Visual aids like pictures and diagrams
  • Whiteboard and markers

Please note that the actual content of the lesson, teaching methods, and pupil activities may vary based on your specific teaching style, curriculum, or available resources. Feel free to customize the lesson note to fit your needs.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: August 29, 2023