• Class: Primary 1
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 6
  • Age: 6 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: Pre-Vocational Studies
  • Curriculum Theme: Home Economics
  • Topic: Food For Health
  • Content: Classes Of Food

Specific Objectives:

  • Cognitive Domain: Pupils should be able to list the classes of food and give examples of each.
  • Affective Domain: Pupils should develop an appreciation for the variety of food and their importance in a healthy diet.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Pupils should be able to categorize given food items into their correct classes.
  • Social Domain: Pupils should be able to discuss with peers the importance of each class of food in promoting health.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of various food items
  • Flashcards with food classes
  • Food models or real food items
  • Chart depicting the food pyramid

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the different classes of food and their examples is crucial for developing healthy eating habits early in life. This knowledge will help pupils make informed choices about their diet, promoting their overall well-being.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Pupils are expected to have a basic understanding of what food is and some common foods they eat at home.

Instructional Procedures

Content Development: Food For Health

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupil’s ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minDiscussionQuestion and AnswerBriefly discuss the importance of eating healthy food.Listen and respond to questions.Importance of healthy eating.
Step 2: Classes of Food10 minInteractive LectureUse of Visual AidsIntroduce and explain the classes of food using flashcards.Identify and match pictures to their food classes.Classes of food and their examples.
Step 3: Examples of Food10 minGroup WorkLearning by DoingGuide pupils in grouping food models into classes.Collaborate in groups to classify food items.Practical understanding of food classes.
Step 4: Importance of Food5 minExplanationStorytellingExplain the role of each class of food in our body.Listen and ask questions.Role of different foods in health.
Step 5: Note Taking5 minWritingDemonstrationWrite notes on the board for pupils to copy.Copy the notes into their notebooks.Written record of food classes.
Step 6: Evaluation3 minOral QuizQuestion and AnswerAsk questions about the classes of food and their examples.Answer questions orally.Assessment of understanding.
Step 7: Conclusion2 minSummationRecapSummarize the lesson’s key points.Listen and recap with the teacher.Summary of lesson points.

Classroom Note:

Classes Of Food and Their Examples

  • Carbohydrates: Provide energy. Examples include rice, bread, and potatoes.
  • Proteins: Help in growth and repair of body tissues. Examples are beans, fish, and eggs.
  • Fats and Oils: Give energy and support cell growth. Examples are butter, olive oil, and nuts.
  • Vitamins and Minerals: Protect the body from diseases. Examples include fruits, vegetables, and dairy products.
  • Water: Essential for all body functions.


  1. Can you name the five classes of food?
  2. Give two examples of food items from the protein class.
  3. Why is water important to our body?

Note to Teachers:
Tailor the lesson to engage pupils through visuals and hands-on activities, ensuring the concepts are grasped effectively. Encourage pupils to share what they’ve learned with their families to reinforce the lesson’s objectives and extend learning beyond the classroom.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: April 2, 2024