• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 5
  • Age: 8 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: National Values Education
  • Curriculum Theme: Social Studies
  • Topic: First Aid To Road Accident Victims
  • Content: Definition of First Aid

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain:
  • Define first aid.
  • Explain how to administer first aid to road accident victims.
  • Affective Domain:
  • Appreciate the importance of providing first aid in emergencies.
  • Psychomotor Domain:
  • Demonstrate basic first aid steps.
  • Social Domain:
  • Collaborate with classmates during practical first aid activities.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • First aid kit
  • Pictures or charts demonstrating first aid procedures
  • Bandages and other basic first aid items

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding first aid is crucial as it equips students with the knowledge and skills to respond effectively to emergencies, promoting safety and well-being.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students should have a basic understanding of emergencies and the need for assistance.


Content Development: First Aid

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Introduction 5 minsDiscussionQuestion and AnswerInitiate a discussion on emergencies and ask if anyone knows what “first aid” means.Respond to questions and share their thoughts on emergencies and first aid.Understand the importance of first aid in emergencies.
Definition of First Aid10 minsExplanationConcept FormationDefine first aid and explain its importance. Use pictures or charts to illustrate.Listen attentively and participate in defining first aid.Define first aid and appreciate its significance.
Basic First Aid Steps 10 minsDemonstrationDirect InstructionDemonstrate basic first aid steps, especially focusing on road accident scenarios.Watch the demonstration and ask questions for clarification.Understand the fundamental steps in administering first aid.
Practical Activity 5 minsGroup ActivityCooperative LearningDivide students into groups and ask them to demonstrate basic first aid steps to their peers.Work collaboratively in groups to perform first aid demonstrations.Demonstrate teamwork and practical knowledge of first aid.
Note taking 5 minsWriting Note-TakingSummarize key points on the importance of first aid and basic steps.Take notes in their notebooks on essential first aid information.Create a record of crucial first aid concepts.
Evaluation 3 minsQuestion and AnswerCritical QuestioningAsk questions to test understanding, such as “What would you do if you see a road accident?”Respond to questions individually, demonstrating comprehension.Assess understanding of first aid concepts.
Conclusion 2 minsRecap and DiscussionSummary and ReflectionSummarize the lesson, emphasizing the importance of first aid. Ask students to share what they’ve learned.Share insights gained from the lesson and discuss the importance of first aid.Recap the significance of first aid in emergencies.

Classroom Note:

First Aid

First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to someone who has been injured or suddenly taken ill.

Administering First Aid to Road Accident Victims:

  1. Assess the Scene:
    • Ensure your safety first. Check for any dangers like oncoming traffic or hazardous materials.
  2. Call for Help:
    • Dial emergency services or ask someone nearby to do so. Provide accurate information about the situation and the number of victims.
  3. Protect Yourself:
    • Use personal protective equipment if available.
  4. Check for Responsiveness:
    • Gently tap the victim and ask if they are okay.
  5. Perform CPR (if necessary):
    • If the victim is not breathing, start CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) immediately if you are trained to do so.


  1. What does “first aid” mean?
  2. Can you name one situation where you might need to use first aid?

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: January 10, 2024