• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 3
  • Age: 8 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: History
  • Curriculum Theme: History
  • Topic: Nigeria People
  • Content: Some Early Heroes And Heroines In Nigeria e.g., Queen Amina And Chief Obafemi Awolowo

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain: Identify two early Nigerian heroes/heroines and describe one significant contribution each.
  • Affective Domain: Appreciate the role of historical figures in shaping Nigeria.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Create a simple drawing or representation of Queen Amina or Chief Obafemi Awolowo.
  • Social Domain: Discuss the importance of historical figures in society.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of Queen Amina and Chief Obafemi Awolowo
  • Drawing materials (paper, pencils, colors)
  • Charts or visual aids on Nana Olumo of Itsekiri

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the lives of early heroes and heroines in Nigeria is crucial for appreciating our history and the contributions of these figures to the development of the nation.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students should have a basic understanding of Nigeria and its historical context.


Content Development: Queen Amina And Chief Obafemi Awolowo

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeachers ActivityPupils ActivityLearning Point
Introduction 5 minsDiscussionQuestion and AnswerAsk students what they know about Queen Amina and Chief Obafemi Awolowo.Share what they know about the historical figures.Activate prior knowledge on the topic.
Queen Amina10 minsStorytellingStorytellingNarrate the life of Queen Amina, emphasizing her achievements and significance.Listen attentively to the story of Queen Amina.Understand the historical context of Queen Amina.
Chief Obafemi Awolowo10 minsStorytellingStorytellingNarrate the life of Chief Obafemi Awolowo, highlighting his contributions.Listen actively to the story of Chief Obafemi Awolowo.Comprehend the key role played by Chief Obafemi Awolowo in Nigerian history.
Drawing Activity 5 minsDrawingGuided PracticeGuide students in creating simple drawings or representations of Queen Amina or Chief Obafemi Awolowo.Draw images of Queen Amina or Chief Obafemi Awolowo.Develop psychomotor skills in drawing historical figures.
Note taking 5 minsWriting Note TakingProvide key points for students to jot down in their notebooks.Take notes based on the information shared.Enhance cognitive skills through note-taking.
Evaluation 2 minsQuestion and AnswerGroup DiscussionAsk questions about the lives of the historical figures.Discuss answers in groups.Assess cognitive understanding through discussion.
Conclusion 3 minRecapReflectionSummarize the lesson, emphasizing the importance of learning about historical figures.Reflect on the lesson and share one thing learned.Reinforce the significance of studying history.

Classroom Note:

Early Heros And Heroines In Nigeria

Queen Amina

Queen Amina was born around 1533 in the city-state of Zazzau, which is now part of modern-day Nigeria. She was the daughter of Queen Bakwa Turunku. Amina became the queen of Zazzau (later known as Zaria) after the death of her mother. Queen Amina was a powerful queen known for her military prowess. Queen Amina’s reign is believed to have ended in the late 16th century.

Chief Obafemi Awolowo

Chief Obafemi Awolowo was born on March 6, 1909, in Ikenne, British Nigeria. He was a prominent Nigerian nationalist, politician, and statesman. Chief Awolowo played a vital role in the struggle for Nigeria’s independence and post-independence politics. Chief Obafemi Awolowo died on May 9, 1987, leaving behind a lasting legacy as a key figure in Nigeria’s history.

Importance Of Learning About Historical Figures

  1. Inspiration: Learning about historical figures provides us with inspiring role models who have made significant contributions to our society.
  2. Understanding Cultural Heritage: Historical figures often represent diverse cultures and traditions.
  3. Historical Events: Historical figures played key roles in shaping events and movements, making history more meaningful.
  4. Learning From Mistakes And Successes: Studying historical figures allows us to learn from both the mistakes and successes of these individuals. Analyzing their experiences helps us develop critical thinking skills and make informed decisions in our own lives.


  1. Who was Queen Amina, and what was her significance in history?
  2. What contribution did Chief Obafemi Awolowo make to Nigeria?
  3. Discuss why learning about historical figures is important.

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: January 23, 2024