Class: Primary 1

Term: 1st Term

Week: 6

Age: 6 years

Duration: 45 minutes


Subject: Basic Science and Technology 

Curriculum Theme: Basic Science

Topic: Colours

Content: types of colours, Colour identification

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Identify different types of colours.
  2. Collect materials of different colours.

Instructional Materials:

  1. Coloured Objects:
  • Coloured papers or cardboard cut into various shapes and sizes.
  • Colourful objects such as toys, fruits, or art supplies.

2. Flashcards or Picture Cards:

  • Create flashcards or picture cards displaying different colours (red, blue, yellow, orange, green, purple, pink, brown, black).
  • Use these cards to introduce and reinforce the identification of colours.

3. Colour Wheels or Charts:

  • Display a colour wheel or chart that showcases primary colours, secondary colors, and other common colours.
  • Use the colour wheel or chart to illustrate colour mixing and relationships between colours.

4. Colour Mixing Materials:

  • Watercolour paints or tempera paints in primary colours (red, blue, yellow).
  • Mixing palettes or containers for students to experiment with mixing colours and creating secondary colours.

5. Coloured Markers or Crayons:

  • Provide students with colored markers or crayons to draw and colour pictures during the lesson.
  • Encourage them to use different colours and discuss the names of the colours they are using.

6. Coloured Picture Books:

  • Select picture books that emphasize colours or have vibrant illustrations.
  • Read these books aloud to the students, pointing out and discussing the colours used.

7. Colour Sorting Materials:

  • Assorted objects or materials of different colours (e.g., buttons, beads, blocks, fabric swatches).
  • Containers or trays for students to sort and group the materials based on their colours.
colours, what is colour

Content Development: Introduction to colours

TimeContentTeaching MethodTeacher’s Points/ActivitiesPupils’ Activities
5 minsIntroductionDiscussionIntroduce the topic of colours.
Ask the pupils about their favorite colours and objects that come in different colours.
Explain that colours are what we see when light reflects off objects.
Listen attentively.
Share their favorite colours and objects.
10 minsTypes of ColorsExplanationDiscuss primary colours (red, blue, yellow) and how they cannot be created by mixing other colours.
Introduce secondary colours (orange, green, purple) and explain that they are created by mixing two primary colours.
Discuss other colours like pink, brown, and black, and their association with specific objects or concepts.
Observe visual aids or objects of different colours.
Participate in discussions.
Identify primary and secondary colours.
15 minsIdentification of ColorsPractical ActivityDistribute coloured materials (e.g., coloured papers, crayons, objects) to each student.
Instruct the students to sort and group the materials based on their colours.
Guide and assist students in identifying and naming the colours correctly.
Sort and group the coloured materials.
Identify and name the colours.
Engage in discussions with peers.
10 minsRecap and SummaryQuestion and AnswerReview the key points of the lesson on colours, including the types of colours and how to identify them.
Encourage pupils to ask questions and share any additional information or examples related to colours.
Answer questions.
Share additional information or examples.
Seek clarification on any doubts.
5 minsEvaluationQuizConduct a short quiz to assess pupils’ understanding of the lesson on colours.
Ask questions related to the types of colours and their identification.
Respond to the quiz questions.
Participate actively.
5 minsNote CopyingWritingProvide the following note for pupils to copy into their notebooks:

Note: Colours
Colours are what we see when light reflects off objects. There are different types of colours, including primary colours (red, blue, yellow), secondary colours (orange, green, purple), and other colours like pink, brown, and black. We can identify colours by sorting and grouping objects based on their colours.
Copy the note into their notebooks.


What is Colour?

Colours are what we see when light reflects off objects.

Types of Colors

  1. Primary colours (Red, Blue and yellow)
  2. Secondary colours (Orange, Green and purple)

Other colours like pink, brown, and black are also important they are called tertiary colours. We can identify colours by sorting and grouping objects based on their colours.

Evaluation Questions:

Ask the following questions to evaluate the lesson.

  1. What are primary colours?
  2. How are secondary colours created?
  3. How can we identify different colours?

Teacher’s Aide:

  1. Colour Sorting Mat:
  • Create a large mat or poster divided into sections representing different colours (red, blue, yellow, etc.).
  • Provide coloured objects or cards for students to sort and place into the corresponding colour sections.

2. Colour Flashcards:

  • Create flashcards with visuals of objects or images in different colours.
  • Use the flashcards to reinforce colour recognition and vocabulary.

3. Colour Wheel:

  • Create a colour wheel displaying primary colours (red, blue, yellow) and secondary colours (orange, green, purple).
  • Use the colour wheel to demonstrate colour mixing and relationships between colours.

4. Colour Hunt Activity:

  • Prepare a worksheet with different colour swatches or squares.
  • Ask students to go on a “colour hunt” around the classroom or school, finding objects that match each colour on the worksheet.

5. Colourful Art Supplies:

  • Provide coloured markers, crayons, or coloured pencils for students to create their own colourful drawings or artwork during the lesson.

6. Colour Identification Game:

  • Create a game where students have to identify and name colours shown on cards or displayed objects.
  • Encourage active participation and friendly competition among students.

7. Colourful Storybooks:

  • Select storybooks that emphasize colours or have vibrant illustrations.
  • Read aloud from these books and engage students in discussions about the colours they see in the illustrations.

8. Colour Mixing Experiment:

  • Conduct a simple colour mixing experiment using watercolours or tempera paints.
  • Guide students in mixing primary colours to create secondary colours and observe the results.


Please note that the actual content of the lesson, teaching methods, and pupil activities may vary based on your specific teaching style, curriculum, or available resources. Feel free to customize the lesson note to fit your needs.

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Last Update: March 19, 2024