• Class: Primary 3
  • Term: 2nd Term
  • Week: 7
  • Age: 8 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: History
  • Curriculum Theme: History
  • Topic: Achievements Of Early Heroes And Heroines
  • Content: Fought for justice, Fought for independence

Specific Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Cognitive Domain: Explain the achievements of early heroes and heroines in fighting for justice and independence.
  • Affective Domain: Express appreciation for the courage and contributions of these historical figures.
  • Psychomotor Domain: Role-play a scene depicting the actions of an early hero or heroine.
  • Social Domain: Collaborate with peers in discussing and sharing insights about the achievements of early heroes and heroines.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures or illustrations of early heroes and heroines
  • Storybooks or historical texts
  • Whiteboard and markers
  • Role-play props (optional)

Rationale for the Lesson:
Understanding the achievements of early heroes and heroines helps students appreciate the sacrifices made for justice and independence, fostering a sense of historical awareness and national pride.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:
Students should have basic knowledge of historical figures and events.


Content Development: Achievements Of Early Heros And Heroines

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupils’ ActivityLearning Point
Introduction 5 minsDiscussionQuestioningAsk students if they know any historical figures who fought for justice or independence.Respond to questions and share thoughts.Awareness of historical figures.
Explanation 10 minsLectureStorytellingBriefly explain the achievements of early heroes and heroines, emphasizing justice and independence.Listen attentively and take notes.Understanding of the heroes’ actions.
Group Discussion 10 minsGroup ActivityCollaborationDivide students into groups. Discuss the significance of the heroes’ actions and how it impacted society.Engage in group discussions and share ideas.Collaboration and critical thinking.
Role-play 5 minsRole-playDramatizationConduct a role-play activity where students act out scenes depicting the actions of early heroes or heroines.Participate in role-playing activities.Application of historical knowledge.
Recap5 minsRecapSummarySummarize key points of the lesson and highlight the bravery and significance of early heroes and heroines.Reflect on the lesson through discussion.Reinforcement of historical knowledge.
Note taking 5 minsWriting Note-takingProvide a summary note for pupils to copy in their notebooks about the achievements of early heroes and heroines.Copy the notes into their notebooks.Retention of key information.
Evaluation 2 minsQuestion and AnswerQuizAsk questions related to the achievements of early heroes and heroines.Answer questions individually.Assessment of comprehension.
Conclusion 3 minDiscussionReflectionAllow students to briefly share their thoughts on the lesson and express any newfound appreciation.Share reflections and thoughts on the lesson.Appreciation for historical figures.

Classroom Note:

Achievement of early Heroes And Heroines – Justice And Independence

Early heroes and heroines fought for justice and independence through various courageous actions and endeavors.

  1. Protest and Advocacy:
    • Many heroes and heroines actively participated in protests, demonstrations, and advocacy campaigns to raise awareness about injustices and the need for independence. They used their voices to speak out against oppressive systems.
  2. Legal Challenges:
    • Some heroes and heroines engaged in legal battles, challenging unjust laws and policies. They worked within the legal framework to bring about changes that promoted justice and paved the way for independence.
  3. Formation of Organizations:
    • Some early heroes and heroines established organizations dedicated to advocating for justice and independence. These groups served as platforms for collective action, coordination, and strategic planning.
  4. Resistance Against Colonial Rule:
    • In the context of independence struggles, heroes and heroines resisted colonial rule. They organized and led movements to break free from colonial powers, seeking self-determination and sovereignty.
  5. Educational Initiatives:
    • Some heroes and heroines focused on educating their communities. They believed that an informed populace was crucial for achieving lasting change.
  6. Negotiation and Diplomacy:
    • Heroes and heroines engaged in diplomatic efforts and negotiations to achieve justice and independence. They sought peaceful resolutions while firmly advocating for the rights of their people.


  1. Name one achievement of early heroes or heroines.
  2. How did their actions contribute to society?
  3. Express in your words why their bravery is important.

Note to Teachers:
Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: January 24, 2024