• Class: Primary 1
  • Term: 3rd Term
  • Week: 2
  • Age: 6 years
  • Period:
  • Duration: 40 minutes
  • Date:
  • Subject: National Value Education
  • Curriculum Theme: Security Education
  • Topic: Sources Of Danger
  • Content: Fire Outbreak – meaning of fire outbreak. Causes of fire outbreak. How to prevent fire outbreak.

Specific Objectives:

  • Cognitive domain: Pupils should be able to define the term fire outbreak.
  • Affective domain: Pupils should demonstrate an understanding of the importance of fire safety.
  • Psychomotor domain: Pupils should be able to identify fire hazards.
  • Social Domain: Pupils should be able to discuss in groups the causes of fire outbreak and prevention methods.

Reference Materials:

  • 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  • Abuja Educational Resource Centre Scheme of work
  • NAPPS National Unified Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks

Instructional Materials:

  • Pictures of fire outbreaks
  • Fire safety posters
  • Video clips showing fire prevention methods

Rationale for the Lesson:

Understanding fire outbreaks and their prevention is crucial for the safety and well-being of individuals and communities. This lesson aims to instill basic knowledge and awareness in pupils, empowering them to act responsibly to prevent fire-related incidents.

Prerequisite/Previous Knowledge:

Pupils are assumed to have a basic understanding of what fire is and have experienced or seen fire in daily life scenarios (e.g., cooking, candles).


Content Development: Sources Of Danger

ContentTimeTeaching MethodTeaching StrategyTeacher’s ActivityPupil’s ActivityLearning Point
Step 1: Introduction5 minsDiscussionQuestion and AnswerIntroduce the topic and ask pupils what they know about fire.Respond to questions.Understanding fire
Step 2: Define fire outbreak and Causes of fire 10 minsLectureExplanationExplain the meaning of fire outbreak and discuss its causes.Listen and identify causes mentioned by teacher.Identifying causes of fire
Step 3: Prevention of fire outbreak 10 minsInteractiveDemonstrationShow pictures and videos on how to prevent fire outbreaks.Suggest ways to prevent fire based on the content.Fire prevention methods
Step 4: Things to do during fire outbreak 10 minsRole PlaySimulationGuide pupils through a role play on what to do during a fire outbreak.Participate in role play.Actions during a fire
Step 5: Conclusion5 minsSummaryRecapitulationSummarize the lesson’s key points and reinforce the importance of fire safety.Listen and ask questions.Recap of fire safety

Classroom Note:

Meaning of fire outbreak

A fire outbreak is when fire starts and spreads quickly where it is not supposed to be.

Causes of fire outbreak

  1. Playing with matches or lighters
  2. Leaving cooking unattended
  3. Faulty electrical appliances
  4. Overloaded electrical outlets
  5. Candles left burning without supervision

Ways to prevent fire outbreak

  1. Never play with matches or lighters.
  2. Always watch cooking food.
  3. Regularly check electrical appliances for wear.
  4. Do not overload electrical outlets.
  5. Never leave candles burning unattended.

Things to do during a fire outbreak

  1. Shout “Fire!” to alert others.
  2. Leave the building immediately.
  3. Use the stairs, not the elevator.
  4. If smoke is heavy, crawl on the ground.
  5. Meet at the family’s designated safe spot.

Evaluation Questions:

  1. What is a fire outbreak?
  2. Name two causes of fire outbreaks.
  3. How can we prevent fire outbreaks?
  4. What should you do if you discover a fire?

Note to Teachers:

Customize the lesson content, teaching methods, and pupil activities to suit your teaching style, curriculum, and available resources. Be mindful of the emotional impact of discussing potentially frightening topics like fire and ensure a supportive and reassuring environment for the pupils.

Categorized in:

Lesson Notes,

Last Update: March 26, 2024